Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

VCSEL quick fabrication for assessment of large diameter epitaxial wafers

Baker, Jack, Gillgrass, Sara, Allford, Craig P. ORCID:, Peach, Tomas, Hentschel, Curtis, Sweet, Tracy ORCID:, Davies, J. Iwan, Shutts, Samuel ORCID: and Smowton, Peter M. ORCID: 2022. VCSEL quick fabrication for assessment of large diameter epitaxial wafers. IEEE Photonics Journal 14 (3) 10.1109/JPHOT.2022.3169032

[thumbnail of JPHOT3169032-PrintVersion.pdf]
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (3MB) | Preview


Stripped-back representative VCSEL devices with a simple fabrication process that very closely approaches the performance of standard BCB-planarised devices have been produced. These VCSEL Quick Fabrication (VQF) devices achieve threshold currents only 0.3 mA higher than that of a standard device produced from the same material. The predictability of standard performance from VQF performance is also robustly assessed in terms of temperature effects to account for the observed disparities. These VQF devices are then processed across a 6-inch (152 mm) wafer and the resulting device-level characteristics are mapped. From this, it is apparent that there is an approximately radial decrease in oxide aperture diameter from centre to edge, found to be driven by the strain-induced wafer bow. After corrections, a residual spatial variation across the wafer remains, which, in conjunction with temperature dependent measurements, is shown to be a result of epi-material variation. By observation at 50 °C, that is, at a temperature closely resembling that of intended application, the residual centre-to-edge variation in threshold current density is found to be only 0.2 kA/cm2, compared to 1.3 kA/cm2 when observing the room temperature variation of devices of nominally equivalent active volumes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the CC-BY license.
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN: 1943-0655
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 June 2022
Date of Acceptance: 22 April 2022
Last Modified: 31 May 2023 22:48

Citation Data

Cited 1 time in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics