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Induction with ATG in DCD kidney transplantation; efficacy and relation of dose and cell markers on delayed graft function and renal function.

Sabah, T. K., Khalid, U., Ilham, M. A., Ablorsu, E., Szabo, L., Griffin, S., Chavez, R. and Asderakis, A. 2021. Induction with ATG in DCD kidney transplantation; efficacy and relation of dose and cell markers on delayed graft function and renal function. Transplant Immunology 66 , 101388. 10.1016/j.trim.2021.101388

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Abstract

Aim We aimed to analyse the efficacy of the Thymoglobulin dose used for induction in controlled DCD kidneys, and its initial impact on blood cell and CD3 count, as predictors of efficacy. Methods 140 DCD patients who received ATG induction, were analysed. Intended dose was 1.25 mg/kg/day over 5 days, rounded to nearest 25 mg and not exceeding 125 mg/dose. Outcomes included the total dose in relation with rejection, DGF, graft survival, eGFR. The cell count response to ATG was assessed as predictors of outcome. Results Graft survival, was 96.2%, 92.4%, 85% at 1, 3 and 5 years. Rejection was 7% at 1 year and associated with eGFR at 3 (p = 0.003) and 5 years. ATG dose was not predictive of rejection but was associated with the day5 leucocyte and lymphocyte count (p < 0.001) and negatively with DGF (p = 0.05). In 31 patients day3 CD3 count was available and it was associated with rejection (p = 0.002), less DGF (p = 0.09), and 3 years eGFR (p = 0.01). Conclusion Thymoglobulin provides excellent results in DCD kidneys that do not significantly differ with small dose variations. In higher doses it reduces DGF. Lymphocytes and CD3 count, may be useful surrogate markers of efficacy and outcome.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0966-3274
Date of Acceptance: 23 March 2021
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2022 09:00
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/150675

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