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Experimental and numerical analyses of nitrogen oxides formation in a high ammonia-low hydrogen blend using a tangential swirl burner

Alnasif, Ali, Mashruk, Syed, Kovaleva, Marina, Wang, Ping and Valera-Medina, Agustin 2022. Experimental and numerical analyses of nitrogen oxides formation in a high ammonia-low hydrogen blend using a tangential swirl burner. Carbon Neutrality 1 , 24. 10.1007/s43979-022-00021-9

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Abstract

Ammonia has been considered as a novel fuel for decarbonization purposes. However, emissions from combustion systems are still posing a problem. Therefore, experimental and numerical simulations have been conducted to study the concentration of exhaust emissions (Nitric oxide “NO”, Nitrous oxide “N2O”) from burning the ammonia/hydrogen (NH3/H2) blend 85/15 (vol%). The effects were measured at various thermal powers ranging 10 to 20 kW and with different Reynolds numbers from 20,000—40,000. The experimental points were numerically investigated in the Ansys CHEMKIN-Pro environment employing seven chemical kinetic mechanisms taken from the literature. All experiments have been undertaken at standard atmospheric conditions. The experimental results showed that both NO and N2O gradually increased when the Reynolds number increased from 20,000 to 40,000. Along with that, the concentration of NO emissions at the exhaust reported minimum level when the Re = 20,000 due to lower reactivity radical formation, all that led to a deterioration of the flame characteristics. Also, the integrated radical intensities of NO*, OH*, NH*, and NH2* demonstrate an increasing trend as Re increased from 20,000 to 40,000. In terms of thermal power, N2O suffered an abrupt decrease when the thermal power increased up to 15 kW, while the opposite occurs for NO. In addition, the radicals intensity of OH*, NH*and NH2* figures show an increase in their concentration when the thermal power increased up to 15 kW then decreased with increasing thermal intensity to reach 20 kW, reflecting into increased NO productions and decreased N2O levels. The numerical analysis showed that Stagni, Bertolino, and Bowen Mei were the most accurate mechanisms as these give a good prediction for NO and N2O. The study also showed that the chemical reaction (HNO + O2 ↔ NO + HO2) is the main source of NO formation. While the chemical reaction (NH + NO ↔ N2O + H) is responsible for the formation of N2O by consuming NO and when there will be abundance in NH radicals. Finally, dealing with a blended fuel of high ammonia concentration encourages ammonia chemistry to become more dominant in the flame. It decreases the flame temperature, hence lowering heat loss between the flame and the surrounding.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 24 June 2022
Date of Acceptance: 13 May 2022
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2022 08:00
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/150746

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