Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The IDENTIFY study: the investigation and detection of urological neoplasia in patients referred with suspected urinary tract cancer - a multicentre observational study

Khadhouri, Sinan, Gallagher, Kevin M., MacKenzie, Kenneth R., Shah, Taimur T., Gao, Chuanyu, Moore, Sacha, Zimmermann, Eleanor F., Edison, Eric, Jefferies, Matthew, Nambiar, Arjun, Mannas, Miles P., Lee, Taeweon, Marra, Giancarlo, Lillaz, Beatrice, Gómez Rivas, Juan, Olivier, Jonathan, Assmus, Mark A., Uçar, Taha, Claps, Francesco, Boltri, Matteo, Burnhope, Tara, Nkwam, Nkwam, Tanasescu, George, Boxall, Nicholas E., Downey, Alison P., Lal, Asim A, Antón-Juanilla, Marta, Clarke, Holly, Lau, David H. W., Gillams, Kathryn, Crockett, Matthew, Nielsen, Matthew, Takwoingi, Yemisi, Chuchu, Naomi, O'Rourke, John, MacLennan, Graeme, McGrath, John S., Kasivisvanathan, Veeru, Chaudry, Aasem, Sharma, Abhishek, Bennett, Adam, Ahmad, Adnan, Abroaf, Ahmed, Suliman, Ahmed M, Lloyd, Aimee, McKay, Alastair, Wong, Albert, Silva, Alberto, Schneider, Alexandre, MacKay, Alison, Knight, Allen, Grigorakis, Alkiviadis, Bdesha, Amar, Nagle, Amy, Cebola, Ana, Dhanasekaran, Ananda Kumar, Kond?a, Andra?, Barcelos, André, Galosi, Andrea B, Ebur, Andrea, Minervini, Andrea, Russell, Andrew, Webb, Andrew, García de Jalón, Ángel, Desai, Ankit, Czech, Anna K, Mainwaring, Anna, Adimonye, Anthony, Das, Arighno, Figueiredo, Arnaldo, Villers, Arnauld, Leminski, Artur, Chippagiri, Arvinda, Y?ld?r?m, As?f, Voulgaris, Athanasios M, Uzan, Audrey, Oo, Aye Moh Moh, Younis, Ayman, Zelhof, Bachar, Mukhtar, Bashir, Ayres, Ben, Challacombe, Ben, Sherwood, Benedict, Ristau, Benjamin, Lai, Billy, Nellensteijn, Brechtje, Schreiter, Brielle, Trombetta, Carlo, Dowling, Catherine, Hobbs, Catherine, Benitez, Cayo Augusto Estigarribia, Lebacle, Cédric, Ho, Cherrie Wing Yin, Ng, ChiFai, Mount, Chloe, Lam, Chon Meng, Blick, Chris, Brown, Christian, Gallegos, Christopher, Higgs, Claire, Browne, Clíodhna, McCann, Conor, Alonso, Cristina Plaza, Beder, Daniel, Cohen, Daniel, Gordon, Daniel, Wilby, Daniel, Gordon, Danny, Lau, David Hua Wu, Hrouda, David, Karsza, Dávid, Mak, David, Martin-Way, David, Suthaharan, Denula, Patel, Dhruv, Carrion, Diego M, Nyanhongo, Donald, Bass, Edward, Mains, Edward, Chau, Edwin, Castillo, Elba Canelon, Day, Elizabeth, Desouky, Elsayed, Gaines, Emily, Papworth, Emma, Yuruk, Emrah, Kilic, Enes, Dinneen, Eoin, Palagonia, Erika, Xylinas, Evanguelos, Khawaja, Faizan, Cimarra, Fernando, Bardet, Florian, Kum, Francesca, Peters, Francesca, Kovács, Gábor, Tanasescu, Geroge, Hellawell, Giles, Tasso, Giovanni, Lam, Gitte, La Montagna, Giuseppe, Pizzuto, Giuseppe, Lenart, Gordan, MacLennan, Graeme, Özgür, Günal, Bi, Hai, Lyons, Hannah, Warren, Hannah, Ahmed, Hashim, Simpson, Helen, Burden, Helena, Gresty, Helena, Pita, Hernado Rios, Clarke, Holly, Serag, Hosam, Kynaston, Howard, Crawford-Smith, Hugh, Mostafid, Hugh, Otaola-Arca, Hugo, Fen Koo, Hui, Ibrahim, Ibrahim, Ouzaid, Idir, Puche-Sanz, Ignacio, Tomakovi, Igor, Tinay, Ilker, Sahibzada, Iqbal, Thangasamy, Isaac, Cadena, Iván Revelo, Irani, Jacques, Udzik, Jakub, Brittain, James, Catto, James, Green, James, Tweedle, James, Hernando, Jamie Borrego, Leask, Jamie, Kalsi, Jas, Frankel, Jason, Toniolo, Jason, Raman, Jay D, Courcier, Jean, Kumaradeevan, Jeevan, Clark, Jennifer, Jones, Jennifer, Teoh, Jeremy YuenChun, Iacovou, John, Kelly, John, Selph, John P, Aning, Jonathan, Deeks, Jon, Olivier, Jonathan, Maw, Jonny, Herranz-Yagüe, José Antonio, Nolazco, Jose Ignacio, Cózar-Olmo, Jose Manuel, Bagley, Joseph, Jelski, Joseph, Norris, Joseph, Testa, Joseph, Meeks, Joshua, Hernandez, Juan, Vásquez, Juan Luis, Randhawa, Karen, Dhera, Karishma, Gronostaj, Katarzyna, Houlton, Kathleen, Lehman, Kathleen, Gillams, Kathryn, Adasonla, Kelvin, Brown, Kevin, Murtagh, Kevin, Mistry, Kiki, Davenport, Kim, Kitamura, Kosuke, Derbyshire, Laura, Clarke, Laurence, Morton, Lawrie, Martinez, Levin, Goldsmith, Louise, Paramore, Louise, Cormier, Luc, Dell'Atti, Lucio, Simmons, Lucy, Martinez-Piñeiro, Luis, Rico, Luis, Chan, Luke, Forster, Luke, Ma, Lulin, Moore, Madeline, Gallego, Maria Camacho, Freire, Maria José, Emberton, Mark, Feneley, Mark, Rivero, Marta Viridiana Muñoz, Pira, Matea, Tallè, Matteo, Crockett, Matthew, Liew, Matthew, Trail, Matthew, Cooper, Meghan, Kulkarni, Meghana, Ager, Michael, He, Ming, Li, Mo, Omran Breish, Mohamed, Tarin, Mohamed, Aldiwani, Mohammed, Matanhelia, Mudit, Pasha, Muhammad, Akaln, Mustafa Kaan, Abdullah, Nasreen, Hale, Nathan, Gadiyar, Neha, Kocher, Neil, Bullock, Nicholas, Campain, Nicholas, Pavan, Nicola, Al?Ibraheem, Nihad, Bhatt, Nikita, Bedi, Nishant, Shrotri, Nitin, Lobo, Niyati, Balderas, Olga, Kouli, Omar, Capoun, Otakar, Manjavacas, Pablo Oteo, Gontero, Paolo, Mariappan, Paramananthan, Marchiñena, Patricio Garcia, Erotocritou, Paul, Sweeney, Paul, Planelles, Paula, Acher, Peter, Black, Peter C, Osei?Bonsu, Peter K, Østergren, Peter, Smith, Peter, Willemse, Peter-Paul Michiel, Chlosta, Piotr L, Ul Ain, Qurrat, Barratt, Rachel, Esler, Rachel, Khalid, Raihan, Hsu, Ray, Stamirowski, Remigiusz, Mangat, Reshma, Cruz, Ricardo, Ellis, Ricky, Adams, Robert, Hessell, Robert, Oomen, Robert J.A., McConkey, Robert, Ritchie, Robert, Jarimba, Roberto, Chahal, Rohit, Andres, Rosado Mario, Hawkins, Rosalyn, David, Rotimi, Manecksha, Rustom P, Agrawal, Sachin, Hamid, Syed Sami, Deem, Samuel, Goonewardene, Sanchia, Swami, Satchi Kuchibhotla, Hori, Satoshi, Khan, Shahid, Inder, Shakeel Mohammud, Sangaralingam, Shanthi, Marathe, Shekhar, Raveenthiran, Sheliyan, Horie, Shigeo, Sengupta, Shomik, Parson, Sian, Parker, Sidney, Hawlina, Simon, Williams, Simon, Mazzoli, Simone, Kata, Slawomir Grzegorz, Lopes, Sofia Pinheiro, Ramos, Sónia, Rai, Sonpreet, Rintoul-Hoad, Sophie, O'Meara, Sorcha, Morris, Steve, Turner, Stacey, Venturini, Stefano, Almpanis, Stephanos, Joniau, Steven, Jain, Sunjay, Mallett, Susan, Nikles, Sven, Yan, Shahzad Sylvia, Lee, Taeweon, Uçar, Taha, Drake, Tamsin, Toma, Tarq, Plo, Teresa Cabañuz, Bonnin, Thierry, Muilwijk, Tim, Wollin, Tim, Chu, Timothy Shun Man, Appanna, Timson, Brophy, Tom, Ellul, Tom, Austin, Tomas, Smrkolj, Toma, Rowe, Tracey, Sukhu, Troy, Patel, Trushar, Garg, Tullika, Çakurlu, Turhan, Bele, Uros, Haroon, Usman, Crespo-Atín, Víctor, Cortes, Victor Parejo, Poves, Victoria Capapé, Gnanapragasam, Vincent, Gauhar, Vineet, During, Vinnie, Kumar, Vivek, Fiala, Vojtech, Mahmalji, Wasim, Lam, Wayne, Chin, Yew Fung, Filtekin, Yigit, Phan, Yih Chyn, Ibrahim, Youssed, Glaser, Zachary A, Adwin, Zainal, Qin, Zijian, Zotter, Zsuzsanna and Zainuddin, Zulkifli 2021. The IDENTIFY study: the investigation and detection of urological neoplasia in patients referred with suspected urinary tract cancer - a multicentre observational study. BJU International 128 (4) , pp. 440-450. 10.1111/bju.15483

[thumbnail of BJU International - 2021 - Khadhouri - The IDENTIFY study the investigation and detection of urological neoplasia in.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (327kB)

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the contemporary prevalence of urinary tract cancer (bladder cancer, upper tract urothelial cancer [UTUC] and renal cancer) in patients referred to secondary care with haematuria, adjusted for established patient risk markers and geographical variation. Patients and Methods This was an international multicentre prospective observational study. We included patients aged ≥16 years, referred to secondary care with suspected urinary tract cancer. Patients with a known or previous urological malignancy were excluded. We estimated the prevalence of bladder cancer, UTUC, renal cancer and prostate cancer; stratified by age, type of haematuria, sex, and smoking. We used a multivariable mixed-effects logistic regression to adjust cancer prevalence for age, type of haematuria, sex, smoking, hospitals, and countries. Results Of the 11 059 patients assessed for eligibility, 10 896 were included from 110 hospitals across 26 countries. The overall adjusted cancer prevalence (n = 2257) was 28.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] 22.3–34.1), bladder cancer (n = 1951) 24.7% (95% CI 19.1–30.2), UTUC (n = 128) 1.14% (95% CI 0.77–1.52), renal cancer (n = 107) 1.05% (95% CI 0.80–1.29), and prostate cancer (n = 124) 1.75% (95% CI 1.32–2.18). The odds ratios for patient risk markers in the model for all cancers were: age 1.04 (95% CI 1.03–1.05; P < 0.001), visible haematuria 3.47 (95% CI 2.90–4.15; P < 0.001), male sex 1.30 (95% CI 1.14–1.50; P < 0.001), and smoking 2.70 (95% CI 2.30–3.18; P < 0.001). Conclusions A better understanding of cancer prevalence across an international population is required to inform clinical guidelines. We are the first to report urinary tract cancer prevalence across an international population in patients referred to secondary care, adjusted for patient risk markers and geographical variation. Bladder cancer was the most prevalent disease. Visible haematuria was the strongest predictor for urinary tract cancer.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1464-4096
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 July 2022
Date of Acceptance: 6 May 2021
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2022 09:16
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/151235

Citation Data

Cited 9 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics