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Raman microscopic analysis of dry-surface biofilms on clinically relevant materials

Tewes, Thomas J., Centeleghe, Isabella, Maillard, Jean-Yves ORCID:, Platte, Frank and Bockmühl, Dirk P. 2022. Raman microscopic analysis of dry-surface biofilms on clinically relevant materials. Microorganisms 10 (7) , 1369. 10.3390/microorganisms10071369

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Moist/hydrated biofilms have been well-studied in the medical area, and their association with infections is widely recognized. In contrast, dry-surface biofilms (DSBs) on environmental surfaces in healthcare settings have received less attention. DSBs have been shown to be widespread on commonly used items in hospitals and to harbor bacterial pathogens that are known to cause healthcare-acquired infections (HAI). DSBs cannot be detected by routine surface swabbing or contact plates, and studies have shown DSBs to be less susceptible to cleaning/disinfection products. As DSBs are increasingly reported in the medical field, and there is a likelihood they also occur in food production and manufacturing areas, there is a growing demand for the rapid in situ detection of DSBs and the identification of pathogens within DSBs. Raman microspectroscopy allows users to obtain spatially resolved information about the chemical composition of biofilms, and to identify microbial species. In this study, we investigated Staphylococcus aureus mono-species DSB on polyvinylchloride blanks and stainless steel coupons, and dual-species (S. aureus/Bacillus licheniformis) DSB on steel coupons. We demonstrated that Raman microspectroscopy is not only suitable for identifying specific species, but it also enables the differentiation of vegetative cells from their sporulated form. Our findings provide the first step towards the rapid identification and characterization of the distribution and composition of DSBs on different surface areas.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Additional Information: This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/)
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2076-2607
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 July 2022
Date of Acceptance: 4 July 2022
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2023 07:54

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