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Airport electrified ground support equipment for providing ancillary services to the grid

Alruwaili, Mohammed and Cipcigan, Liana ORCID: 2022. Airport electrified ground support equipment for providing ancillary services to the grid. Electric Power Systems Research 211 , 108242. 10.1016/j.epsr.2022.108242

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The ground handling operations are used in airports for handling activities and processing passengers with the help of specially designed vehicles known as ground support equipment. The ground support equipment (GSE) is being parked after serving a flight until the next flight. The GSE idle duration between flights is depending on the flight schedule and can be turned into a profit source. This paper is presenting a methodology for electrified ground support equipment (EGSE) for providing frequency regulation ancillary services to the grid through an aggregator. The passengers flight schedule is considered to increase the vehicles’ availability to participate in the frequency regulation ancillary services market. The optimization model is formulated to maximize the airport profitability by using aggregation of EGSE in frequency regulation market. The results show that the EGSE provides a significant profit by participating in frequency regulation ancillary service with the use of V2G mode.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0378-7796
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 July 2022
Date of Acceptance: 29 June 2022
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2022 11:37

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