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Street canyon ventilation and airborne pollutant dispersion: 2-D versus 3-D CFD simulations

Mei, Shuo-Jun, Luo, Zhiwen ORCID:, Zhao, Fu-Yun and Wang, Han-Qing 2019. Street canyon ventilation and airborne pollutant dispersion: 2-D versus 3-D CFD simulations. Sustainable Cities and Society 50 , 101700. 10.1016/j.scs.2019.101700

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Urban ventilation is important for building a healthy urban living environment. 2-D CFD simulation has been used widely for street canyon ventilation due to its high computational efficiency, but its applicability for a 3-D simulation has never been studied. This paper tried to answer the question: if and under what conditions, the widely-adopted 2-D CFD simulations on street canyon ventilation can represent a 3-D scenarios? 3-D simulations on street canyons with various street lengths and corresponding 2-D simulations are carried out with RNG k-ε model. Our study identified two important ventilation mechanism for controlling ventilation and dispersion in a 3-D street canyon, i.e., canyon vortex on the canyon top and the corner vortices at the street ends. The relative importance of these two driving forces will change with the street length/street width ratio (B/W). For isolated street canyon, when B/W is higher than 20 (for H/W = 1) and 70 (H/W = 2), the street canyon ventilation will be dominated by canyon vortex, and 3-D street canyon ventilation could be simplified as a 2-D case. For multiple street canyon, the threshold of B/W will become 20 when H/W = 1, and 50 when H/W = 2. The findings in this study could improve our approaches for simulating urban ventilation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Architecture
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2210-6707
Date of Acceptance: 4 July 2019
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2022 11:46

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