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Solution-processed colloidal quantum dots for light emission

Osypiw, Alexander, Lee, Sanghyo, Jung, Sung-Min, Leoni, Stefano ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4078-1000, Smowton, Peter ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9105-4842, Hou, Bo ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9918-8223, Kim, Jong Min and Amaratunga, Gehan A. J. 2022. Solution-processed colloidal quantum dots for light emission. Materials Advances 3 , pp. 6773-6790. 10.1039/D2MA00375A

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Abstract

Quantum dots (QDs) are an emerging class of photoactive materials that exhibit extraordinary optical features. Due to the availability of narrowband emitted light from QDs, they can be used to pave the way for next-generation light-emitting devices, especially in the development of LEDs and lasers. Over recent years solution-processed colloidal QDs have been developed in pre-existing light-emitting devices such as laser scalpels, displays and data communications. QDs became mainstream in 2013, with Sony and Samsung launching QD televisions, in which photo emissive QDs are used in the backlight of LCD TVs to replace red and green phosphors. Currently, photo-emissive QD displays are the only commercially available large area QD display, with electro-emissive displays limited to smaller sizes in some smartphone devices. At the same time, lighting now accounts for 15 to 22% of the electricity used in developed countries. This highlights how fundamental artificial lighting is to humans and why more efficient light sources can significantly impact energy consumption. Throughout history, any progress in artificial lighting (with regards to chemical sources and physical phenomena) has been to increase efficiency, improve light quality and decrease costs. QDs offer this capability to advance current lighting solutions. However, even with the advancements in QD performance, there remain issues with creating heavy metal-free high-performance QD devices. This paper presents a review of colloidal QD synthesis and the reasons behind their use in light emission applications.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Physics and Astronomy
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN: 2633-5409
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 August 2022
Date of Acceptance: 19 July 2022
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 14:24
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/151784

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