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Three-dimensional fully coupled hydro-mechanical-chemical model for solute transport under mechanical and osmotic loading conditions

Masum, Shakil A. ORCID:, Zhang, Zhihong, Tian, Gailei and Sultana, Mimnun 2023. Three-dimensional fully coupled hydro-mechanical-chemical model for solute transport under mechanical and osmotic loading conditions. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 30 , pp. 5983-6000. 10.1007/s11356-022-22600-0

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Mechanical deformation and chemico-osmotic consolidation of clay liners can change its intrinsic transport properties in all direction and can alter fluid and solute transport processes in the entire model domain. These phenomena are described inadequately by lower-dimensional models. Based on the Biot’s consolidation theory, fluid and solute mass conservation equations, a three-dimensional (3D) fully-coupled hydro-mechanical-chemical (HMC) model has been proposed in this study. The impacts of mechanical consolidation and chemico-osmotic consolidation on permeability, hydrodynamic dispersion, solute sorption, membrane efficiency, and chemical osmosis are considered in the model. The model is applied to evaluate performances of a single compacted clay liner (CCL) and a damaged geomembrane-compacted clay composite liner (GMB/CCL) to contain a generic landfill contaminant. Effect of model dimensionality on solute spread for CCL is found to be marginal, but for GMB/CCL the effect is significantly large. After 50-year simulation period, solute concentration at the half-length of the GMB/CCL liner is predicted to be 40% of the source concentration during 1D simulation, which is only 6% during the 3D simulation. The results revealed approximately 74% over-estimation of liner settlement in 1D simulation than that of the 3D for GMB/CL system. Solute spread accelerates (over-estimates) vertically than horizontally since overburden load and consequent mechanical loading-induced solute convection occurs in the same direction. However, in homogeneous and isotropic soils, horizontal spread retards the overall migration of contaminants, and it highlights the importance of 3D models to study solute transports under mechanical and chemico-osmotic loading conditions in semi-permeable clays, especially, for damaged geomembrane-clay liners. The results show the utility of geomembranes to reduce soil settlement, undulation, and restriction of solute migration. Furthermore, application of geomembrane can inhibit development of elevated negative excess pore water pressure at deeper portion of a clay liner.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0944-1344
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 September 2022
Date of Acceptance: 15 August 2022
Last Modified: 23 May 2023 14:55

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