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In-flight gain monitoring of SPIDER's transition-edge sensor arrays

Filippini, J. P., Gambrel, A. E., Rahlin, A. S., Young, E. Y., Ade, P. A. R. ORCID:, Amiri, M., Benton, S. J., Bergman, A. S., Bihary, R., Bock, J. J., Bond, J. R., Bonetti, J. A., Bryan, S. A., Chiang, H. C., Contaldi, C. R., Doré, O., Duivenvoorden, A. J., Eriksen, H. K., Farhang, M., Fraisse, A. A., Freese, K., Galloway, M., Gandilo, N. N., Ganga, K., Gualtieri, R., Gudmundsson, J. E., Halpern, M., Hartley, J., Hasselfield, M., Hilton, G., Holmes, W., Hristov, V. V., Huang, Z., Irwin, K. D., Jones, W. C., Karakci, A., Kuo, C. L., Kermish, Z. D., Leung, J. S.- Y., Li, S., Mak, D. S. Y., Mason, P. V., Megerian, K., Moncelsi, L., Morford, T. A., Nagy, J. M., Netterfield, C. B., Nolta, M., O'Brient, R., Osherson, B., Padilla, I. L., Racine, B., Reintsema, C., Ruhl, J. E., Runyan, M. C., Ruud, T. M., Shariff, J. A., Shaw, E. C., Shiu, C., Soler, J. D., Song, X., Trangsrud, A., Tucker, C. ORCID:, Tucker, R. S., Turner, A. D., List, J. F. van der, Weber, A. C., Wehus, I. K., Wen, S. and Wiebe, D. V. 2022. In-flight gain monitoring of SPIDER's transition-edge sensor arrays. Journal of Low Temperature Physics 209 , pp. 649-657. 10.1007/s10909-022-02729-5
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Experiments deploying large arrays of transition-edge sensors (TESs) often require a robust method to monitor gain variations with minimal loss of observing time. We propose a sensitive and non-intrusive method for monitoring variations in TES responsivity using small square waves applied to the TES bias. We construct an estimator for a TES’s small-signal power response from its electrical response that is exact in the limit of strong electrothermal feedback. We discuss the application and validation of this method using flight data from SPIDER, a balloon-borne telescope that observes the polarization of the cosmic microwave background with more than 2000 TESs. This method may prove useful for future balloon- and space-based instruments, where observing time and ground control bandwidth are limited.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0022-2291
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 September 2022
Date of Acceptance: 8 April 2022
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2022 16:45

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