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Fuel-lean ammonia/biogas combustion characteristics under the reacting swirl flow conditions

Mong, Guo Ren, Chiong, Meng-Choung, Chong, Cheng Tung, Ng, Jo-Han, Mashruk, Syed, Tran, Manh-Vu, Lee, Kiat Moon, Samiran, Nor Afzanizam, Wong, Keng Yinn and Valera Medina, Agustin ORCID: 2023. Fuel-lean ammonia/biogas combustion characteristics under the reacting swirl flow conditions. Fuel 331 (2) , 125983. 10.1016/j.fuel.2022.125983

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Ammonia has been identified as a viable energy vector for power generation. Using dual-fuel operation that mixes the ammonia with higher reactivity gaseous fuel can be vital in enhancing ammonia combustion. This study examined the fundamental swirl combustion characteristics of fuel-lean premixed ammonia/biogas via a numerical approach. The flame was established at an input thermal power of 7 kW and a global equivalence ratio of 0.8. The numerical model was validated with biogas emissions data acquired through experimental work. At 20 mm downstream the burner, increased carbon dioxide mass fraction in the biogas lowered the peak flame temperature by around 300 K. Moreover, the deformation of flame temperature radial profiles was also found aggravated as carbon dioxide concentration in the biogas elevated from 0 % to 40 %. The reduction in premixed reactant mixture reactivity not only initiated flame temperature profile deformation but also reduced the peak Damköhler number significantly. The peak Damköhler number was lowered by a factor of ∼ 1.5 when carbon dioxide dilution in the biogas elevated by 40 %. The premixed combustion was directed into the thin reaction flamelets zone with elevated carbon dioxide mass fraction, owing to the intensified flow fluctuation. This, in turn, elevates the normalised flame turbulent propagating speed, gas flow average velocities and turbulent kinetic energy, notwithstanding that heat release rate and averaged laminar flame speed declined. In all, the presence of carbon dioxide has been shown to lower the ammonia/methane mixture reactivity whilst escalating the reacting flow fluctuation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0016-2361
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 October 2022
Date of Acceptance: 9 September 2022
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2023 09:01

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