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On nanosecond plasma-assisted ammonia combustion: Effects of pulse and mixture properties

Shahsavari, Mohammad, Konnov, Alexander A., Valera Medina, Agustin ORCID: and Jangi, Mehdi 2022. On nanosecond plasma-assisted ammonia combustion: Effects of pulse and mixture properties. Combustion and Flame 245 , 112368. 10.1016/j.combustflame.2022.112368

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In this study, the effects of nanosecond plasma discharges on the combustion characteristics of ammonia are investigated over a wide range of mixture properties and plasma settings. The results reveal that the impacts of the plasma on ammonia combustion change non-monotonically by altering the reduced electric field value. Within the studied range of the reduced electric field, i.e., 100–700 Td, it is shown that plasma is most effective in the medium range, e.g., 250–400 Td. At lower values, the main fraction of the plasma energy is consumed to excite the diluent to higher vibrational levels. At very high reduced electric field values, a substantial portion of the plasma energy is transferred into the ionization reactions of the diluent, which compromises the effective excitations of fuel and oxidizer species. In terms of the pulse energy density, results indicate that an increase in the range of 0–20 mJ/cm3, at a given reduced electric field, decreases the ignition delay time by five orders of magnitude, and increases the laminar flame speed up to an order of magnitude, depending on the mixture composition. The results show that the plasma discharge produces more radicals, electronically excited and charged species when He is used as the diluent in the oxidizer instead of N2, since NH3 and O2 ionization reactions are strengthened in NH3/O2/He. Moreover, plasma discharge is highly effective in assisting the combustion of preheated lean mixtures. The present study also indicates that ammonia flame thickness is minimum at a critical pulse energy density in the range of 12–14 mJ/cm3. Further increases in the pulse energy density can manipulate the inner structure of the flame, altering the pre-heat zone of the flame to include some levels of chemical reactions toward the flameless mode of combustion.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0010-2180
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 September 2022
Date of Acceptance: 11 September 2022
Last Modified: 03 May 2023 03:01

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