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Effects of anti-seizure medication on sleep spindles and slow waves in drug-resistant epilepsy

Roebber, Jennifer K., Lewis, Penelope A. ORCID:, Crunelli, Vincenzo ORCID:, Navarrete, Miguel and Hamandi, Khalid 2022. Effects of anti-seizure medication on sleep spindles and slow waves in drug-resistant epilepsy. Brain Sciences 12 (10) , 1288. 10.3390/brainsci12101288

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There is a close bidirectional relationship between sleep and epilepsy. Anti-seizure medications (ASM) act to reduce seizure frequency but can also impact sleep; this remains a relatively unexplored field given the importance of sleep on seizure occurrence, memory consolidation, and quality of life. We compared the effect of poly-ASM treatment on a night of sleep compared to an unmedicated night in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy, where ASMs were withdrawn and later restored as part of their pre-surgical evaluation. Within-subject analysis between medicated and unmedicated nights showed ASMs increased spindle (11–16 Hz) power and decreased slow wave (0.1–2 Hz) amplitude. Spindles became less strongly coupled to slow waves in the ASM night compared to no-ASM night, with effects to both the phase and strength of coupling and correlated with slow wave reduction. These effects were not seen in age-matched controls from the same unit where ASMs were not changed between two nights. Overall, we found that ASM polytherapy not only changed specific sleep waveforms, but also the fine interplay of spindle/slow wave coupling. Since these sleep oscillations impact both seizure occurrence and memory consolidation, our findings provide evidence towards a decoupling impact of ASMs on sleep that should be considered in future studies of sleep and memory disruption in people with epilepsy

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2076-3425
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 October 2022
Date of Acceptance: 20 September 2022
Last Modified: 02 May 2023 19:59

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