Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Unlocking molecular secrets in a monomer-assembly-promoted Zn-metalated catalytic porous organic polymer for light-responsive CO2 insertion

Sarkar, Chitra, Paul, Ratul, Dao, Duy Quang, Xu, Shaojun, Chatterjee, Rupak, Shit, Subhash Chandra, Bhaumik, Asim and Mondal, John 2022. Unlocking molecular secrets in a monomer-assembly-promoted Zn-metalated catalytic porous organic polymer for light-responsive CO2 insertion. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 14 (33) , pp. 37620-37636. 10.1021/acsami.2c06982

[thumbnail of PP.pdf]
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Download (2MB) | Preview


Anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emission is soaring day by day due to fossil fuel combustion to fulfill the daily energy requirements of our society. The CO2 concentration should be stabilized to evade the deadly consequences of it, as climate change is one of the major consequences of greenhouse gas emission. Chemical fixation of CO2 to other value-added chemicals requires high energy due to its stability at the highest oxidation state, creating a tremendous challenge to the scientific community to fix CO2 and prevent global warming caused by it. In this work, we have introduced a novel monomer-assembly-directed strategy to design va isible-light-responsive conjugated Zn-metalated porous organic polymer (Zn@MA-POP) with a dynamic covalent acyl hydrazone linkage, via a one-pot condensation between the self-assembled monomer 1,3,5-benzenetricarbohydrazide (TPH) and a Zn complex (Zn@COM). We have successfully explored as-synthesized Zn@MA-POP as a potential photocatalyst in visible-light-driven CO2 photofixation with styrene epoxide (SE) to styrene carbonate (SC). Nearly 90% desired product (SC) selectivity has been achieved with our Zn@MA-POP, which is significantly better than that for the conventional Zn@TiO2 (∼29%) and Zn@gC3N4 (∼26%) photocatalytic systems. The excellent light-harvesting nature with longer lifetime minimizes the radiative recombination rate of photoexcited electrons as a result of extended π-conjugation in Zn@MA-POP and increased CO2 uptake, eventually boosting the photocatalytic activity. Local structural results from a first-shell EXAFS analysis reveals the existence of a Zn(N2O4) core structure in Zn@MA-POP, which plays a pivotal role in activating the epoxide ring as well as capturing the CO2 molecules. An in-depth study of the POP–CO2 interaction via a density functional theory (DFT) analysis reveals two feasible interactions, Zn@MA-POP-CO2-A and Zn@MA-POP-CO2-B, of which the latter has a lower relative energy of 0.90 kcal/mol in comparison to the former. A density of states (DOS) calculation demonstrates the lowering of the LUMO energy (EL) of Zn@MA-POP by 0.35 and 0.42 eV, respectively, for the two feasible interactions, in comparison to Zn@COM. Moreover, the potential energy profile also unveils the spontaneous and exergonic photoconversion pathways for the SE to SC conversion. Our contribution is expected to spur further interest in the precise design of visible-light-active conjugated porous organic polymers for CO2 photofixation to value-added chemicals.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 1944-8244
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 October 2022
Date of Acceptance: 28 July 2022
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2023 17:27

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics