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Role of endothelium in ischaemia-induced myocardial dysfunction of isolated working hearts: cardioprotection by activation of adenosine A(2A) receptors

Maddock, H. L., Broadley, Kenneth John ORCID:, Bril, A. and Khandoudi, N. 2001. Role of endothelium in ischaemia-induced myocardial dysfunction of isolated working hearts: cardioprotection by activation of adenosine A(2A) receptors. Journal Of Autonomic Pharmacology 21 (5-6) , pp. 263-271. 10.1046/j.1365-2680.2001.00238.x

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1 This study aimed to determine the role of the vascular endothelium on recovery of contractile function following global low-flow ischaemia of guinea-pig isolated working hearts and the effects of adenosine analogues on this recovery. 2 Guinea-pig isolated spontaneously beating or paced working hearts were set up and coronary flow (CF), aortic output (AO) (as an index of cardiac function), heart rate (HR), left ventricular pressure (LVP) and dP/dt max recorded. The endothelium was either intact or removed by a blast of oxygen. 3 In spontaneously beating hearts, low-flow ischaemia for 30 min reduced CF and cardiac contractility (LVP, dP/dt max) but not AO. On reperfusion, CF, LVP and dP/dt max recovered, while AO fell precipitously followed by a gradual recovery, indicative of myocardial stunning. The effects of ischaemia did not differ between endothelium-intact and -denuded hearts, indicating no role of the endothelium in the changes observed. 4 The adenosine analogues, N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA, A1 selective), 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA, two-fold A2 selective over A1) and 2-p-((carboxyethyl)-phenethylamino)-5'carboxamidoadenosine (CGS21680, A2A selective) were infused (3 × 10−7 M) from 10 min into the 30-min low-flow ischaemia of denuded hearts and during reperfusion. 5 CGS21680 increased CF and improved the postischaemic functional recovery, as measured by the AO. NECA and CPA were not cardioprotective. The A2A selective antagonist, ZM241385, attenuated the coronary vasodilatation by CGS21680 and abolished the improved recovery of AO on reperfusion. 6 Reperfusion of paced working hearts caused a dramatic fall in AO which failed to recover. Infusion of CGS21680 from 15 min into the ischaemic period produced vasodilatation but failed to restore AO, presumably because the ischaemic damage was irreversible. 7 Thus, the endothelium plays no role in myocardial dysfunction following low-flow global ischaemia and reperfusion of guinea-pig working hearts. The A2A adenosine receptor-selective agonist but not the non-selective A2 receptor agonist, NECA, attenuated ischaemia- and reperfusion-induced stunning. This was attributed to increased CF and was independent of the endothelium.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Uncontrolled Keywords: adenosine analogues; A1 and A2-purinoceptors; endothelium; ischaemia and reperfusion; working heart; cardioprotection
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 1474-8673
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 13:47

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