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A nonunit two-stage protection scheme for DC transmission lines in high-voltage DC grids

Guo, Yanxun, Xu, Zhuang, Wang, Yaoqiang, Yao, Xiaomei and Liang, Jun ORCID: 2022. A nonunit two-stage protection scheme for DC transmission lines in high-voltage DC grids. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems 146 , 108742. 10.1016/j.ijepes.2022.108742

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Nonunit protection is suitable for the primary protection of DC lines in high-voltage DC (HVDC) grids because of its rapidity. However, most existing nonunit protections are not sensitive enough for remote-end high-resistance faults. To solve this problem, a novel nonunit two-stage protection capable of tolerating high-resistance faults is proposed in this paper. First, the propagation process of a traveling wave (TW) generated by the fault is presented, revealing the insufficiency of fault TW-based protections to tolerate remote-end high-resistance faults. Then, the TW generated by the DC circuit breaker (DCCB) located on the opposite end is analyzed, and its characteristic difference between the internal and external faults is discussed. Moreover, the nonunit two-stage protection scheme that contains stage-I and stage-II protections is proposed. Stage-I protection rapidly identifies the closed-end and remote-end low-resistance faults using the fault TW. Stage-II protection identifies the remote-end high-resistance fault using the TW generated by the DCCB, and the fault clearing time is reduced by combining the DCCB operation. The protection criteria, setting principle and operation process of the proposed protection scheme are presented in detail. Finally, a large number of PSCAD/EMTDC simulations validate the excellent performance of the proposed scheme, including a high fault resistance tolerance, quick fault clearing time, and no requirements of excessive sampling frequency and complex mathematical operations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0142-0615
Date of Acceptance: 23 October 2022
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2022 09:30

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