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Outcomes for women admitted for labour care to alongside midwifery units in the UK following a postpartum haemorrhage in a previous pregnancy: A national population-based cohort and nested case-control study using the UK Midwifery Study System (UKMidSS)

Morelli, Alessandra, Rogers, Jane, Sanders, Julia ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5712-9989, Kurinczuk, Jennifer J. and Rowe, Rachel 2022. Outcomes for women admitted for labour care to alongside midwifery units in the UK following a postpartum haemorrhage in a previous pregnancy: A national population-based cohort and nested case-control study using the UK Midwifery Study System (UKMidSS). Women and Birth 10.1016/j.wombi.2022.11.002

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Abstract

Background Women who have experienced a postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) ‘requiring treatment or transfusion’ are typically advised to plan birth in obstetric-led settings in subsequent pregnancies. Many UK alongside midwifery units (AMU) admit women for labour care following a previous PPH. We aimed to describe outcomes in women admitted for labour care to AMUs following a previous PPH, compare outcomes with other multiparous women admitted to the same AMUs, and explore risk factors for recurrence. Methods A national cohort and nested case-control study using the UK Midwifery Study System (UKMidSS), between August 2018 and April 2019. Multivariable Poisson regression and logistic regression were performed to compare outcomes and investigate risk factors for recurrence. Findings Women who experienced a previous PPH were significantly more likely than comparison women to: have a PPH requiring transfer to obstetric care (4·2% vs. 2·4%, aRR=1·65, 95% CI 1·14–2·38), be transferred to obstetric care for any reason (17·8% vs 11·9%; aRR=1·41; 95% CI 1·09–1·83), and have any PPH≥ 500 ml (22·7% vs 11·1%, aRR=1·86, 95% CI 1·49–2·32). Among women with a previous PPH, previous blood loss > 1500 ml; uterotonics for previous PPH; Caesarean associated with previous PPH; gestation at admission and higher birthweight were independent risk factors for PPH. Conclusion Women considering birth in an AMU after a previous PPH should be advised that they are at increased risk of experiencing a subsequent PPH requiring transfer to obstetric care, compared with other multiparous women who have not had a PPH. The absolute risk of a subsequent PPH in this group is low and comparable to the overall risk of having a PPH among women having a spontaneous vaginal birth in England.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Healthcare Sciences
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Start Date: 2022-11-09
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1871-5192
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 November 2022
Date of Acceptance: 8 November 2022
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2023 03:47
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/154309

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