Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Implementing antibiotic stewardship in high prescribing English general practices: a mixed-methods study

Tonkin-Crine, Sarah, Mcleod, Monsey, Borek, Aleksandra J., Campbell, Anne, Anyanwu, Philip, Costelloe, Ceire, Moore, Michael, Hayhoe, Benedict, Pouwels, Koen B., Roope, Laurence S. J., Morrell, Liz, Hopkins, Susan, Butler, Christopher C. and Walker, Ann 2023. Implementing antibiotic stewardship in high prescribing English general practices: a mixed-methods study. British Journal of General Practice 73 (728) , e164-e175. 10.3399/BJGP.2022.0298

[thumbnail of e164.full.pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (869kB) | Preview


Background: Trials have identified antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) strategies that effectively reduce antibiotic use in primary care. However, many are not commonly used in England. We co-developed an implementation intervention to improve use of three AMS strategies; enhanced communication strategies, delayed prescriptions, and point-of-care C-Reactive Protein testing (POC-CRPT). Aim: To investigate the use of the intervention in high-prescribing practices and its effect on antibiotic prescribing. Design and setting: Nine high-prescribing practices had access to the intervention for 12 months from November 2019. This was primarily delivered remotely via a website with practices required to identify an ‘Antibiotic Champion’. Methods: We compared routinely collected prescribing data between intervention and 45 matched control practices using a difference-in-differences analysis. Intervention use was assessed through monitoring. Surveys and interviews were conducted with professionals to capture experiences of using the intervention. Results: There was no evidence that the intervention affected prescribing. Engagement with intervention materials differed substantially between practices and depended on individual Champions’ preconceptions of strategies and opportunity to conduct implementation tasks. Champions in five practices initiated changes to encourage use of at least one AMS strategy, mostly POC-CRPT; one practice chose all three. POC-CRPT was used more when allocated to one person. Conclusions: Clinicians need detailed information on exactly how to adopt AMS strategies. Strategies may be used more when allocated to one or two individuals. Remote, one-sided provision of AMS strategies is unlikely to change prescribing; initial clinician engagement and understanding needs to be monitored to avoid misunderstanding and sub-optimal use.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Royal College of General Practitioners
ISSN: 1478-5242
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 November 2022
Date of Acceptance: 14 October 2022
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2024 18:11

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics