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Identification and dynamics of coherent structures in a coanda swirling jet flow

Yang, Zhu, Castaneda, Victor, Ogus, Guven, Holemans, Thomas, Vanierschot, Maarten and Valera-Medina, Agustin ORCID: 2023. Identification and dynamics of coherent structures in a coanda swirling jet flow. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 142 , 110817. 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2022.110817

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Swirl stabilised flows are the most common technology for gas turbine combustion stabilisation. Although success on the characterization of these flows is tangible, there are several structures that appear in such flows that are still a concern for fundamental and applied research. One of these structures is the Precessing Vortex Core (PVC), whose ambiguous characteristics make it an adequate mechanism for chemical mixing whilst being a detrimental component for thermoacoustic stabilisation. The PVC has been extensively characterised in swirling jet flows exhibiting vortex breakdown (in this study named Open Jet Flow or OJF). However this has not been the case for swirling Coanda (i.e. wall attached) Jet Flows (CoJF). Therefore, this research presents experimental work detailing the identification and visualisation of coherent structures in both types of jet flows. A generic swirl burner was fitted with a base plate in a position so that any of these two flows, OJF and CoJF, could be obtained within the same burner geometry. High speed stereo particle image velocimetry (S-PIV) was used to obtain a time-resolved flow field of each flow state at different flow rates. Two PVCs were clearly identified in both flows, one in the inner shear layer between the vortex breakdown bubble and the jet and one between the jet and the ambient. Precessing frequencies for the CoJF where 8.5% higher (St 0.9-1.0) than those of the OJF (St 0.8-0.9). Spectral proper orthogonal decomposition was used to identify the coherent structures in the flow. Swirl strength () analysis was conducted on the coherent modes to establish quantitative and qualitative results and to produce a 3D reconstruction of the flow field. The results indicate that precessing coherent flow structures are present in wall attached Coanda swirling flows and these are similar to the structures found in swirling jet flows undergoing vortex breakdown.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0894-1777
Funders: Dienst onderzoekscoördinatie (DOC) KU Leuven
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 5 December 2022
Date of Acceptance: 23 November 2022
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2023 17:25

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