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Methane oxidation to methanol

Dummer, Nicholas F. ORCID:, Willock, David J. ORCID:, He, Qian ORCID:, Howard, Mark J., Lewis, Richard J., Qi, Guodong, Taylor, Stuart H. ORCID:, Xu, Jun, Bethell, Don, Kiely, Christopher J. ORCID: and Hutchings, Graham J. ORCID: 2023. Methane oxidation to methanol. Chemical Reviews 9 , pp. 6359-6411. 10.1021/acs.chemrev.2c00439

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The direct transformation of methane to methanol remains a significant challenge for operation at a larger scale. Central to this challenge is the low reactivity of methane at conditions that can facilitate product recovery. This review discusses the issue through examination of several promising routes to methanol and an evaluation of performance targets that are required to develop the process at scale. We explore the methods currently used, the emergence of active heterogeneous catalysts and their design and reaction mechanisms and provide a critical perspective on future operation. Initial experiments are discussed where identification of gas phase radical chemistry limited further development by this approach. Subsequently, a new class of catalytic materials based on natural systems such as iron or copper containing zeolites were explored at milder conditions. The key issues of these technologies are low methane conversion and often significant overoxidation of products. Despite this, interest remains high in this reaction and the wider appeal of an effective route to key products from C–H activation, particularly with the need to transition to net carbon zero with new routes from renewable methane sources is exciting.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0009-2665
Funders: Royal Society
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 December 2022
Date of Acceptance: 7 November 2022
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2024 07:43

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