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Differences in chemical evolution between isolated and embedded prestellar cores

Priestley, Felix, Whitworth, Anthony ORCID: and Fogerty, E 2022. Differences in chemical evolution between isolated and embedded prestellar cores. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 518 (4) , pp. 4839-4844. 10.1093/mnras/stac3444

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Models of prestellar cores often assume that the cores are isolated from their environment – material outside the core boundary plays no role in the subsequent evolution. This is unlikely to be the case in reality, where cores are located within hierarchically substructured molecular clouds. We investigate the dynamical and chemical evolution of prestellar cores, modelled as Bonnor–Ebert spheres, and show that the density of the ambient medium has a large impact on the resulting chemical properties of the cores. Models embedded in high-density, low-temperature surroundings have greatly enhanced abundances of several molecules, such as CO and CS, compared to models with more diffuse surroundings, corresponding to relatively isolated cores. The predicted intensities and profile shapes of molecular lines are also affected. The density of the ambient medium has a stronger effect on the chemical evolution than whether the cores are initially in or out of equilibrium. This suggests that the impact of environment cannot be neglected when modelling chemistry in prestellar cores; the results of these models are highly sensitive to the assumptions made about the core surroundings.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Royal Astronomical Society
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 January 2023
Date of Acceptance: 22 November 2022
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2024 16:02

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