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Professional competence and its effect on the implementation of healthcare 4.0 technologies: scoping review and future research directions

Jose, Abey, Tortorella, Guilherme L., Vassolo, Roberto, Kumar, Maneesh ORCID: and Mac Cawley, Alejandro F. 2022. Professional competence and its effect on the implementation of healthcare 4.0 technologies: scoping review and future research directions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20 (1) , 478. 10.3390/ijerph20010478

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Background: The implementation of Healthcare 4.0 technologies faces a number of barriers that have been increasingly discussed in the literature. One of the barriers presented is the lack of professionals trained in the required competencies. Such competencies can be technical, methodological, social, and personal, contributing to healthcare professionals managing and adapting to technological changes. This study aims to analyse the previous research related to the competence requirements when adopting Healthcare 4.0 technologies. Methods: To achieve our goal, we followed the standard procedure for scoping reviews. We performed a search in the most important databases and retrieved 4976 (2011–present) publications from all the databases. After removing duplicates and performing further screening processes, we ended up with 121 articles, from which 51 were selected following an in-depth analysis to compose the final publication portfolio. Results: Our results show that the competence requirements for adopting Healthcare 4.0 are widely discussed in non-clinical implementations of Industry 4.0 (I4.0) applications. Based on the citation frequency and overall relevance score, the competence requirement for adopting applications of the Internet of Things (IoT) along with technical competence is a prominent contributor to the literature. Conclusions: Healthcare organisations are in a technological transition stage and widely incorporate various technologies. Organisations seem to prioritise technologies for ‘sensing’ and ‘communication’ applications. The requirements for competence to handle the technologies used for ‘processing’ and ‘actuation’ are not prevalent in the literature portfolio.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1660-4601
Funders: FONDECYT Iniciacion Project # 11180502
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 December 2022
Date of Acceptance: 22 December 2022
Last Modified: 17 May 2023 22:11

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