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Simply red: a late bronze age glass ingot from Amarna

Jackson, Caroline M. and Nicholson, Paul T. ORCID: 2023. Simply red: a late bronze age glass ingot from Amarna. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 47 , 103793. 10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103793

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Chemical analysis of a visually opaque, turquoise-blue ingot from the Late Bronze Age royal capital at Amarna, housed in the Garstang Museum, University of Liverpool, shows an excess of copper colourant which indicates that the intended colour was opaque red. Trace element analysis places the location of manufacture in Egypt, and the date, finds location, dimensions and analysis suggest that the glass was made at Amarna. This, coupled with other recent finds of ingots/part ingots at the site, suggests that Amarna was producing not only blue glass, but a variety of different colours in this early period of Egyptian glassmaking. Other royal locations, such as the later site at Qantir where red glass predominates, appear to specialise in specific colours. These findings suggest that the political and economic focus of different ruling elites during the New Kingdom (1550–1069 BCE) influenced the volume and range of colours of the glasses manufactured.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: History, Archaeology and Religion
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2352-409X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 January 2023
Date of Acceptance: 10 December 2022
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 22:06

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