Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The evolution of ocean literacy: A new framework for the United Nations Ocean Decade and beyond

McKinley, E. ORCID:, Burdon, D. and Shellock, R. J. 2023. The evolution of ocean literacy: A new framework for the United Nations Ocean Decade and beyond. Marine Pollution Bulletin 186 , 114467. 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.114467

[thumbnail of 1-s2.0-S0025326X22011493-main.pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (609kB) | Preview
License URL:
License Start date: 11 December 2022


First introduced in the early 2000s, the concept of ocean literacy has evolved in recent years, not least since its inclusion as a mechanism for change within the United Nations Ocean Decade's goals. Building on early definitions of ocean literacy, there has been increasing recognition of a range of additional dimensions which contribute to an individual or collective sense of ‘ocean literacy’. Drawing on existing research, and parallel and supporting concepts, e.g., marine citizenship, ocean connectedness, and public perceptions research, this paper proposes ten dimensions of ocean literacy: knowledge, communication, behaviour, awareness, attitudes, activism, emotional connection, access and experience, adaptive capacity and trust and transparency, and recommends expanding previously recognised dimensions, in a bid to ensure that ocean literacy encompasses diverse knowledges, values and experiences. The paper provides a useful framework for ongoing ocean literacy research, and highlights aspects of ocean literacy which have received limited focus to date.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0025-326X
Funders: UKRI
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 January 2023
Date of Acceptance: 2 December 2022
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2023 19:21

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics