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Association between gender minority status and mental health in high schools

White, James ORCID:, Moore, Laurence, Cannings-John, Rebecca ORCID:, Hawkins, Jemma ORCID:, Bonell, Chris, Hickman, Matthew, Zammit, Stanley ORCID: and Adara, Linda ORCID: 2023. Association between gender minority status and mental health in high schools. Journal of Adolescent Health 72 (5) , pp. 811-814. 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2022.12.028

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Purpose Adolescence is a phase when young people begin to explore their gender identity. Adolescents who identify as a gender minority are vulnerable to experiencing mental health problems due to stigmatization of their identity. Methods A population-wide study compared gender minority and cisgender students (aged 13–14 years) self-reported symptoms of probable depression, anxiety, and conduct disorder, and auditory hallucinations, including the distress and frequency of hallucinations. Results Gender minority students compared to cisgender students had four times the odds of reporting a probable depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, auditory hallucinations, but not conduct disorder. Of those who reported a hallucination, gender minority students were more likely to report hearing them daily but were no more likely to find them distressing. Discussion Gender minority students experience a disproportionate burden of mental health problems. Services and programming should be adapted to better support gender minority high-school students.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Centre for Trials Research (CNTRR)
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1054-139X
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 January 2023
Date of Acceptance: 3 January 2023
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2023 16:30

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