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Construction method of ancillary emergency backup service based on battery energy storage system

Yu, Pengfei, Zhu, Jizhong, Liang, Jun ORCID:, Chen, Hongzhou and Xiong, Xiaofu 2023. Construction method of ancillary emergency backup service based on battery energy storage system. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems 147 , 108881. 10.1016/j.ijepes.2022.108881

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The power systems with a high proportion of clean energy face both greater uncertainty in power generation and the threat of stability brought by low inertia. After a fault, the rapid drop in power grid frequency, large voltage fluctuations, and insufficient reactive power support can lead to new energy generation units being disconnected from the grid. Fast active and reactive support will play an important role in suppressing fault propagation in low-inertia systems and preventing large-scale power outages. The reserve and frequency regulation market is a necessary means to deal with power grid failure events, but many blackout events occurred due to insufficient reserve capacity and ineffective market transaction mechanisms. As a flexible power regulation resource, BESS (battery energy storage system) has been incorporated into the power ancillary service market planning. In some engineering cases, the frequency regulation ancillary service provided by energy storage has also shown its advantages. However, there is a lack of in-depth research on how to gather BESS to take part in AEBS (ancillary emergency backup services) in the early stage after the failure. Therefore, in view of the dynamic change of power system risks and the different response speed of different backup resources, this paper proposes to establish a segmented combined backup mode to realize the combination of emergency backup at the initial stage of failure and frequency regulation backup during the fault recovery process. A related model of AEBS demand assessment and emergency backup service pricing mechanism is established. And considering the capacity, life loss and opportunity costs of energy storage for AEBS, a LMP (locational marginal price) method is used to calculate the electricity price of AEBS provided by BESS. It has proved the effectiveness by constructing a grid AEBS based on BESS used by the IEEE 30 node system.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0142-0615
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 February 2023
Date of Acceptance: 1 December 2022
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2024 17:01

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