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Crisis responses for children and young people: a systematic review of effectiveness, experiences and service organisation (CAMH-Crisis)

Edwards, Deborah ORCID:, Carrier, Judith ORCID:, Csontos, Judit ORCID:, Evans, Nicola ORCID:, Elliott, Mair, Gillen, Elizabeth ORCID:, Hannigan, Ben ORCID:, Lane, Rhiannon and Williams, Liz 2024. Crisis responses for children and young people: a systematic review of effectiveness, experiences and service organisation (CAMH-Crisis). Child and Adolescent Mental Health 29 (1) , pp. 70-83. 10.1111/camh.12639

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Background: In England, one in six children aged 5–19 has a probable diagnosable mental health disorder. This is a major public health problem, with multiple agencies adopting varying approaches to care delivery for children and young people (CYP) in crisis. Objectives: To examine the organisation of crisis services across education, health, social care and voluntary sectors; the experiences and perceptions of CYP, families and staff; the effectiveness of current approaches to care and the goals of crisis intervention. Methods: A systematic review of all relevant English language evidence regarding the provision and receipt of crisis support for CYP aged 5–25 (PROSPERO-CRD42019160134). Seventeen databases were searched from 1995 to 2002 and relevant UK-only grey literature was identified. Critical appraisal was conducted using appropriate design specific appraisal tools. A narrative approach to synthesis was conducted. Results: In total, 138 reports (48 reports covering 42 primary research studies; 36 reports covering 39 descriptive accounts of the organisation services and 54 UK-only grey literature reports) were included. The evidence suggests that crisis services were organised as follows: triage/assessment-only, digitally mediated support approaches, and intervention approaches and models. When looking at experiences of crisis care, four themes were identified: (a) barriers and facilitators to seeking and accessing appropriate support; (b) what children and young people want from crisis services; (c) children's, young people's and families' experiences of crisis services; and (d) service provision. In determining effectiveness, the findings are summarised by type of service and were generated from single heterogenous studies. The goals of crisis services were identified. Discussion: Despite a lack of high-quality international studies, findings suggest that support prior to reaching crisis point is important. From this work, various aspects of crisis care have been identified that can be incorporated into existing services across education, health, social care and the voluntary sector.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Healthcare Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1475-357X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 25 January 2023
Date of Acceptance: 22 December 2022
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2024 15:45

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