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Patient reported outcomes and experiences following emergency laparotomy: a mixed methods patient survey

Silva, Louise, Mohammed, S, Strong, P, Watts, Tessa ORCID:, Torkington, Jared and Cornish, Julie ORCID: 2022. Patient reported outcomes and experiences following emergency laparotomy: a mixed methods patient survey. Presented at: Annual Scientific Meeting of the Surgical Research Society, East Midlands Conference Centre, Nottingham, UK, 24-25 March 2022.. British Journal of Surgery. 10.1093/bjs/znac242.040

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Introduction Emergency laparotomy (EmLap) is a “life-saving” procedure, but little is known about how “life-changing” it can be. This study aims to establish the impact of EmLap on PROMs and PREMs. Methods All surviving patients who had an EmLap from 2016–2019 were included. Eligible patients were invited to complete a postal questionnaire. Responses underwent qualitative and logistical regression analysis. Results Response rate was 42.6% (n=310). 11.3% reported that they had not resumed intimacy post-op. Patients were less likely to resume intimacy if they were >80 years (OR 10.500, p0.003), had a return to theatre (OR 5.111, p0.017), IBD diagnosis (OR 5.00, p0.009) or stoma (OR 4.906, p0.003). Patients were more likely to change employment if female (OR 2.858, p0.009), more comorbid (ASA3 OR 5.000, p0.024), had a stoma (OR 4.006, p<0.001), or incisional hernia (OR 4.228, p<0.001). Qualitative analysis revealed deconditioning, lack of employer support, and delays to reconstructive surgery were the main reasons for not returning to work. Qualitative analysis of experience exposed a number of unmet needs: surgical “debrief” and “what to expect” (33.6%), surgical aftercare (25.2%), mental-health support (22.6%) and timely restorative surgery (11.7%). 88.1% felt a specialist nurse would have improved their experience. Patients were more likely to have reported a negative experience if they had benign disease (p0.010). Conclusion This is the first study to describe PROMS and PREMS following EmLap, and also to identify patients at risk of poor outcome. It advocates the need for an EmLap specialist nurse to facilitate holistic care.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
ISSN: 0007-1323
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 January 2023
Date of Acceptance: 4 August 2022
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2023 12:15

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