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The developmental basis of fingerprint pattern formation and variation

Glover, James D., Sudderick, Zoe R., Shih, Barbara Bo-Ju, Batho-Samblas, Cameron, Charlton, Laura, Krause, Andrew L., Anderson, Calum, Riddell, Jon, Balic, Adam, Li, Jinxi, Klika, Vaclac, Woolley, Thomas E. ORCID:, Gaffney, Eamonn A., Corsinotti, Andrea, Andreson, Richard A., Johnston, Luke J., Brown, Sara J., Wang, Sijia, Chen, Yuhang, Crichton, Michael L. and Headon, Denis J. 2023. The developmental basis of fingerprint pattern formation and variation. Cell 186 , pp. 1-17. 10.1016/j.cell.2023.01.015

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Fingerprints are complex and individually unique patterns in the skin. Established prenatally, the molecular and cellular mechanisms that guide fingerprint ridge formation and their intricate arrangements are unknown. Here we show that fingerprint ridges are epithelial structures that undergo a truncated hair follicle developmental program and fail to recruit a mesenchymal condensate. Their spatial pattern is established by a Turing reaction-diffusion system, based on signaling between EDAR, WNT, and antagonistic BMP pathways. These signals resolve epithelial growth into bands of focalized proliferation under a precociously differentiated suprabasal layer. Ridge formation occurs as a set of waves spreading from variable initiation sites defined by the local signaling environments and anatomical intricacies of the digit, with the propagation and meeting of these waves determining the type of pattern that forms. Relying on a dynamic patterning system triggered at spatially distinct sites generates the characteristic types and unending variation of human fingerprint patterns.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0092-8674
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 February 2023
Date of Acceptance: 21 December 2022
Last Modified: 03 May 2023 08:12

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