Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Localisation of intracellular signals and responses during phagocytosis

Hallett, Maurice B. ORCID: 2023. Localisation of intracellular signals and responses during phagocytosis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 24 (3) , 2825. 10.3390/ijms24032825

[thumbnail of ijms-24-02825.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB)


Phagocytosis is one of the most polarised of all cellular activities. Both the stimulus (the target for phagocytosis) and the response (its internalisation) are focussed at just one part of the cell. At the locus, and this locus alone, pseudopodia form a phagocytic cup around the particle, the cytoskeleton is rearranged, the plasma membrane is reorganised, and a new internal organelle, the phagosome, is formed. The effect of signals from the stimulus must, thus, both be complex and yet be restricted in space and time to enable an effective focussed response. While many aspects of phagocytosis are being uncovered, the mechanism for the restriction of signalling or the effects of signalling remains obscure. In this review, the details of the problem of restricting chemical intracellular signalling are presented, with a focus on diffusion into the cytosol and of signalling lipids along the plasma membrane. The possible ways in which simple diffusion is overcome so that the restriction of signalling and effective phagocytosis can be achieved are discussed in the light of recent advances in imaging, biophysics, and cell biochemistry which together are providing new insights into this area.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:, Type: open-access
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1661-6596
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 March 2023
Date of Acceptance: 23 January 2023
Last Modified: 03 May 2023 09:10

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics