Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Sensory modulation and negative affect in children at familial risk of ADHD

Keating, J., Bramham, J. and Downes, M. 2021. Sensory modulation and negative affect in children at familial risk of ADHD. Research in Developmental Disabilities 112 , 103904. 10.1016/j.ridd.2021.103904

[thumbnail of 1-s2.0-S0891422221000536-main.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB)


Background/aims Sensory modulation difficulties are commonly reported in patients with ADHD, however there has been little focus on the development of these difficulties in young children at a higher risk of later ADHD diagnosis. This study investigated whether children with a familial history of ADHD show greater sensory modulation difficulties. We also explored whether sensory modulation was linked to negative affectivity, which has been highlighted as a potential early marker of ADHD. Methods Parents of children under 6 years with a family history of ADHD (n = 65) and no family history (n = 122) completed questionnaires on sensory modulation and temperament. Results Children from families with ADHD were reported to display extreme patterns of hyperresponsiveness and hyporesponsiveness, relative to controls. No differences emerged for the sensory seeking domain. Some children within the high-risk group reported high scores across all three sensory modulation patterns. Regression analysis revealed that hyperresponsiveness predicted higher levels of negative affect. Conclusions/implications This study is the first to report greater sensory modulation difficulties in children at familial risk of ADHD. Future research should establish whether children with sensory modulation and temperament difficulties in early childhood are more vulnerable to developing ADHD.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0891-4222
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 March 2023
Date of Acceptance: 9 February 2021
Last Modified: 12 May 2023 22:22

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics