Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

From cereus to anthrax and back again: Assessment of the temperature-dependent phenotypic switching in the "cross-over" strain Bacillus cereus G9241

Manoharan, Shathviga, Taylor-Joyce, Grace, Brooker, Thomas A., Hernández Rodríguez, Carmen Sara, Hapeshi, Alexia, Baldwin, Victoria, Baillie, Les ORCID:, Oyston, Petra C. F. and Waterfield, Nicholas R. 2023. From cereus to anthrax and back again: Assessment of the temperature-dependent phenotypic switching in the "cross-over" strain Bacillus cereus G9241. Frontiers in Microbiology 14 10.3389/fmicb.2023.1113562

[thumbnail of From cereus to anthrax and back again Assessment of the mechanism of temperature-dep PUBLISHED.pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (3MB) | Preview


Bacillus cereus G9241 was isolated from a Louisiana welder suffering from an anthrax-like infection. The organism carries two transcriptional regulators that have previously been proposed to be incompatible with each other in Bacillus anthracis: the pleiotropic transcriptional regulator PlcR found in most members of the Bacillus cereus group but truncated in all B. anthracis isolates, and the anthrax toxin regulator AtxA found in all B. anthracis strains and a few B. cereus sensu stricto strains. Here we report cytotoxic and hemolytic activity of cell free B. cereus G9241 culture supernatants cultured at 25°C to various eukaryotic cells. However, this is not observed at the mammalian infection relevant temperature 37°C, behaving much like the supernatants generated by B. anthracis. Using a combination of genetic and proteomic approaches to understand this unique phenotype, we identified several PlcR-regulated toxins to be secreted highly at 25°C compared to 37°C. Furthermore, results suggest that differential expression of the protease involved in processing the PlcR quorum sensing activator molecule PapR appears to be the limiting step for the production of PlcR-regulated toxins at 37°C, giving rise to the temperature-dependent hemolytic and cytotoxic activity of the culture supernatants. This study provides an insight on how B. cereus G9241 is able to “switch” between B. cereus and B. anthracis–like phenotypes in a temperature-dependent manner, potentially accommodating the activities of both PlcR and AtxA.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1664-302X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 March 2023
Date of Acceptance: 7 February 2023
Last Modified: 30 May 2023 07:32

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics