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Impact of the high penetration of renewable energy sources on the frequency stability of the Saudi grid

Alqahtani, Saad, Shaher, Abdullah, Garada, Ali and Cipcigan, Liana ORCID: 2023. Impact of the high penetration of renewable energy sources on the frequency stability of the Saudi grid. Electronics 12 (6) , 1470. 10.3390/electronics12061470

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The high penetration of inverter-fed renewable energy sources (RESs) in modern energy systems has led to a reduction in the system’s inertial response. This reduction in the rotational inertial response is associated with synchronous generation and might result in a deteriorated frequency response following a power disturbance. This paper investigates the frequency stability of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s (KSA) grid. It includes a description of the changing energy landscape of the KSA’s electricity grid and an investigation of the impact of high penetration levels of inverter-fed RESs on the dynamic behavior of the KSA grid. The impact of RESs has been studied through a simulation of case studies of the future KSA power system using the MATLAB/Simulink simulation software. The frequency stability of the KSA’s power system has been evaluated with various RES levels under peak and base load conditions. The simulation results show that the high penetration levels of RESs dramatically affect the system’s frequency response, especially under off-peak conditions. In addition, the significance of battery energy storage systems (BESSs) for compensating the reduction in the system inertial response has been addressed. The results show the effectiveness of aggregated BESSs for enhancing the system frequency control of the KSA grid.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2079-9292
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 24 March 2023
Date of Acceptance: 1 March 2023
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2023 16:29

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