Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Gas kinematics around filamentary structures in the Orion B cloud

Gaudel, Mathilde, Orkisz, Jan H., Gerin, Maryvonne, Pety, Jérôme, Roueff, Antoine, Marchal, Antoine, Levrier, François, Miville-Deschênes, Marc-Antoine, Goicoechea, Javier R., Roueff, Evelyne, Le Petit, Franck, de Souza Magalhaes, Victor, Palud, Pierre, Santa-Maria, Miriam G., Vono, Maxime, Bardeau, Sébastien, Bron, Emeric, Chainais, Pierre, Chanussot, Jocelyn, Gratier, Pierre, Guzman, Viviana, Hughes, Annie, Kainulainen, Jouni, Languignon, David, Le Bourlot, Jacques, Liszt, Harvey, Öberg, Karin, Peretto, Nicolas ORCID:, Sievers, Albrecht and Tremblin, Pascal 2023. Gas kinematics around filamentary structures in the Orion B cloud. Astronomy & Astrophysics 670 , A59-A97. 10.1051/0004-6361/202142109

[thumbnail of Published.pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (26MB) | Preview


Context. Understanding the initial properties of star-forming material and how they affect the star formation process is key. From an observational point of view, the feedback from young high-mass stars on future star formation properties is still poorly constrained. Aims. In the framework of the IRAM 30m ORION-B large program, we obtained observations of the translucent (2 ≤ AV < 6 mag) and moderately dense gas (6 ≤ AV < 15 mag), which we used to analyze the kinematics over a field of 5 deg2 around the filamentary structures. Methods. We used the Regularized Optimization for Hyper-Spectral Analysis (ROHSA) algorithm to decompose and de-noise the C18O(1–0) and 13CO(1–0) signals by taking the spatial coherence of the emission into account. We produced gas column density and mean velocity maps to estimate the relative orientation of their spatial gradients. Results. We identified three cloud velocity layers at different systemic velocities and extracted the filaments in each velocity layer. The filaments are preferentially located in regions of low centroid velocity gradients. By comparing the relative orientation between the column density and velocity gradients of each layer from the ORION-B observations and synthetic observations from 3D kinematic toy models, we distinguish two types of behavior in the dynamics around filaments: (i) radial flows perpendicular to the filament axis that can be either inflows (increasing the filament mass) or outflows and (ii) longitudinal flows along the filament axis. The former case is seen in the Orion B data, while the latter is not identified. We have also identified asymmetrical flow patterns, usually associated with filaments located at the edge of an H II region. Conclusions. This is the first observational study to highlight feedback from H II regions on filament formation and, thus, on star formation in the Orion B cloud. This simple statistical method can be used for any molecular cloud to obtain coherent information on the kinematics.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: EDP Sciences
ISSN: 0004-6361
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 March 2023
Date of Acceptance: 14 November 2022
Last Modified: 14 May 2023 10:24

Citation Data

Cited 3 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics