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A descriptive analysis of the Canadian prehospital and transport transfusion (CAN-PATT) network

Greene, Adam, Trojanowski, Jan, Shih, Andrew W., Evans, Rob, Chang, Eddie, Nahirniak, Susan, Pearson, Dallas, Prokopchuk-Gauk, Oksana, Martin, Doug, Musuka, Charles, Seidl, Cindy, Peddle, Michael, Lin, Yulia, Smith, Justin A., MacDonald, Scott, Richards, Lindsay, Farrell, Michael and Nolan, Brodie 2023. A descriptive analysis of the Canadian prehospital and transport transfusion (CAN-PATT) network. Resuscitation Plus 13 , 100357. 10.1016/j.resplu.2022.100357

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Objective Out-of-hospital blood transfusion (OHBT) is becoming increasingly common across the prehospital environment, yet there is significant variability in OHBT practices. The Canadian Prehospital and Transport Transfusion (CAN-PATT) network was established to collaborate, standardize, and evaluate the effectiveness of out-of-hospital blood transfusion (OHBT) across Canada. The objectives of this study are to describe the setting and organizational characteristics of CAN-PATT member organizations and to provide a cross-sectional examination of the current OHBT practices of CAN-PATT organizations. Methods This was a cross-sectional examination of all six critical care transport organizations that are involved in CAN-PATT network. Surveys were sent to identified leads from each organization. The survey focused on three main areas of interest: 1) critical care transport organizational service and coverage, 2) provider, and crew configurations, and 3) OHBT transfusion practices. Results All six surveys were completed and returned. There are a total of 30 critical care transport bases (19 rotor-wing, 20 fixed-wing and 6 land) across Canada and 11 bases have a blood-on-board program. Crew configurations very between organizations as either dual paramedic or paramedic/nurse teams. Median transport times range from 30 to 46 minutes for rotor-wing assets and 64 to 90 minutes for fixed-wing assets. Half of the CAN-PATT organizations started their out-of-hospital blood transfusion programs within the last three years. Most organizations carry at least two units of O-negative, K-negative red blood cells and some organizations also carry group A thawed plasma, fibrinogen concentrate and/or prothrombin complex concentrate. All organizations advocate for early administration of tranexamic acid for injured patients suspected of bleeding. All organizations return un-transfused blood components to their local transfusion medicine laboratory within a predefined timeframe to reduce wastage. Conclusions Variations in OHBT practices were identified and we have suggested considerations for standardization of transfusion practices and patient care as it relates to OHBT. This standardization will also enable a robust means of data collection to study and optimize outcomes of patients receiving OHBT. A fulsome description of the participating organizations within CAN-PATT should enhance interpretation of future OHBT studies that will be conducted by this network.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2666-5204
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 June 2023
Date of Acceptance: 29 December 2022
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2023 07:02

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