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Performance Investigation of Currently Available Reaction Mechanisms in the Estimation of NO Measurements: A Comparative Study

Alnasif, Ali, Mashruk, Syed, Hayashi, Masao, Jójka, Joanna, Shi, Hao, Hayakawa, Akihiro and Valera-Medina, Agustin ORCID: 2023. Performance Investigation of Currently Available Reaction Mechanisms in the Estimation of NO Measurements: A Comparative Study. Energies 16 (9) , 3847. 10.3390/en16093847

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Ammonia (NH3) has been receiving the attention of researchers as an alternative promising green fuel to replace fossil sources for energy production. However, the high NOx emissions are one of the drawbacks and restrictions of using NH3 on a broad scale. The current study investigates NO production/consumption for a 70/30 (vol%) NH3/H2 mixture using kinetic reaction mechanism concepts to shed light on the essential reaction routes that promote/inhibit NO formation. Sixty-seven kinetic reaction mechanisms from the literature have been investigated and compared with recently reported measurements at a wide range of equivalence ratios (ϕ) (0.6–1.4), atmospheric pressure and temperature conditions. Both numerical simulations and experimental measurements used the same combustion reactor configuration (premixed stabilized stagnation flame). To highlight the best kinetic model for the predicting of the NO experimental measurements of NO, a symmetric mean absolute percentage error (SMAPE) has been determined as a preliminary estimation by comparing both numerical and experimental measurements. The results found that the kinetic reaction mechanism of Glarborg showed an accurate prediction with a minor error percentage of 2% at all lean and stoichiometric conditions. Meanwhile, the kinetic model of Wang accurately predicted the experimental data with 0% error at ϕ = 1.2 and underestimated the mole fraction of NO at 1.4 ϕ with an error of 10%. The sensitivity analysis and rate of production/consumption of NO mole fractions analysis have also been implemented to highlight the most important reactions that promote/inhibit NO formation. At lean and stoichiometric conditions, Glarborg kinetic model shows that the kinetic reactions of HNO + H ⇌ NO + H2, HNO + O ⇌ NO + OH, and NH + O ⇌ NO + H are the most important reaction routes with considerable effect on NO formation for 70/30 (vol%) NH3/H2 mixture. In contrast, the reactions of NH2 + NO ⇌ N2 + H2O, NH2 + NO ⇌ NNH + OH, NH + NO ⇌ N2O + H, and N + NO ⇌ N2 + O significantly consume NO to N2, NNH, and N2O. Further, Wang’s mechanism illustrated the dominant effect of each HNO + H ⇌ NO + H2, N + OH ⇌ NO + H, NH + O ⇌ NO + H in NO formation and NH + NO ⇌ N2O + H, NH2 + NO ⇌ NNH + OH, and NH2 + NO ⇌ N2 + H2O in the consumption of NO mole fractions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1996-1073
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 May 2023
Date of Acceptance: 24 April 2023
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2023 01:33

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