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GaAs-based integration photonics: waveguides and splitting elements

Albiladi, Tahani 2022. GaAs-based integration photonics: waveguides and splitting elements. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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With the development of long lived, epitaxially grown InAs quantum dot lasers in GaAs on silicon, GaAs-based photonics has become a promising system for integrating large numbers of small footprint active and passive components on the same substrate. To ensure high performance of a circuit, each component or building block, needs to be individually investigated so a library of optimised components can be developed. In this thesis, several GaAs-based passive integrated photonic components are proposed and analysed by employing commercially available multi-dimensional simulation tools with the aim of understanding the performance and tolerances of the important component functions prior to the manufacturing stage. These components will be useful as basic and composite building blocks in future GaAs-on-silicon photonic integrated circuits. Deeply etched waveguides are investigated, and single mode operation is shown to be maintained under -0.1 to +0.1 micrometre variation in width, etching depth, core height and variation in wavelength between 1.2 and 1.4 micrometre, making the waveguides tolerant against typical fabrication errors. Single mode operation is also mapped as a function of core width, height and etching depth for shallow etched waveguides. Efficient tapers are optimised for the propagation of light between multimode and single mode waveguides. The tapers are tolerant of width, etching depth and wavelength changes of -0.1 to +0.1 micrometre with transmission higher than 98%. Two compact splitters: multimode interferometer, MMI, and Y-branch are optimised at 1.3 micrometre. The multimode interferometer has efficiency up to 99% with reduction of about 4% over spectral and geometrical changes of width, length and etching depth of -0.1 to +0.1 micrometre. An efficient Y-branch is designed with efficiency up to 94% with less stability, compared to the multimode interferometer, against variations like etching depth and wavelength. It is found that waveguides of single mode operation at 1.3 micrometre are achievable and efficient tapers and splitters can be obtained within the fabrication capabilities available in a university facility. Hence, these components are appropriate for on-chip integration.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Date Type: Completion
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: GaAs-based photonics Passive components Integrated photonics Optimisation Tolerance Multi-dimensional simulation Basic building blocks Composite building blocks GaAs-on-silicon photonic integrated circuits Single mode cut-off (Deep/Shallow) etched waveguides Large cross-section waveguides Tapers Light splitting Multimode interferometer (MMI) Y-branches
Funders: Overseas government
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 May 2023
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2024 02:20

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