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Design and implementation of multi-port DC-DC converters for electrical power systems

Alhani, Emad 2023. Design and implementation of multi-port DC-DC converters for electrical power systems. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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The thesis proposes developing, analysing, and verifying these DC-DC converters to improve the current state-of-the-art topology. Four new DC-DC converters for applications like light emitting diode, lighting microgrids DC, PV applications, and electric vehicles are as follows. In this study, the two-input converter is presented. The two-input converter that has been proposed serves as the interface between the two input sources and load. Using two switches and two diodes, the proposed converter minimises switching losses and contains eight components in total, making it compact and low volume. As a result, the highest average efficiency is 92.5%, and the lowest is 89.6%. In this research, the new three-port converter that has been proposed serves as the interface between the input source, a battery, and a load. In addition, the converter is suitable for use in standalone systems or satellite applications. A low-volume converter is designed with three switches and two diodes, thereby minimizing switching losses and ten components in total. Regarding efficiency, the highest average is 92.5%, and the lowest is 90.9%. Also, this study proposes a single-switch high-step-up converter for LED drivers and PV applications. A further benefit of the proposed converter over conventional classical converters is that it utilises only one active switch. These results align with simulation results, and its gain is 6.8 times greater than classical converters. Furthermore, stress across switches and diodes is smaller than the output voltage, approximately 50%. Semiconductor losses were limited with a low duty cycle of 0.7. This makes the highest average efficiency 95% and the lowest 93.9%. The new four-port converter is presented for applications such as microgrid structures and electric vehicles. As part of the integrated converter, two or three converters are combined by sharing some components, such as switches, inductors, and capacitors, to form a single integrated converter. As a result of the four-port converter proposed, battery power can be managed, and output voltage can be regulated simultaneously.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Date Type: Completion
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Three-Port Converter (TPC) Four-Port Converter Two-Input Converter High gain step-up Dc-Dc converter Multi-Port converter
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 May 2023
Last Modified: 19 May 2023 10:20

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