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A comprehensive review of electric vehicle charging stations with solar photovoltaic system considering market, technical requirements, network implications, and future challenges

Alrubaie, Ali Jawad, Salem, Mohamed, Yahya, Khalid, Mohamed, Mahmoud ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9386-7495 and Kamarol, Mohamad 2023. A comprehensive review of electric vehicle charging stations with solar photovoltaic system considering market, technical requirements, network implications, and future challenges. Sustainability 15 (10) , 8122. 10.3390/su15108122

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Abstract

Electric cars (EVs) are getting more and more popular across the globe. While comparing traditional utility grid-based EV charging, photovoltaic (PV) powered EV charging may significantly lessen carbon footprints. However, there are not enough charging stations, which limits the global adoption of EVs. More public places are adding EV charging stations as EV use increases. However, using the current utility grid, which is powered by the fossil fuel basing generating system, to charge EVs has an impact on the distribution system and could not be ecologically beneficial. The current electric vehicle (EV) market, technical requirements including recent studies on various topologies of electric vehicle/photovoltaic systems, charging infrastructure as well as control strategies for Power management of electric vehicle/photovoltaic system., and grid implications including electric vehicle and Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles charging systems, are all examined in depth in this paper. The report gives overview of present EV situation as well as a thorough analysis of significant global EV charging and grid connectivity standards. Finally, the challenges and suggestions for future expansion of the infrastructure of EV charging, grid integration, are evaluated and summarized. It has been determined that PV-grid charging has the ability to create a profit. However, due to the limited capacity of the PV as well as the batteries, the Power system may not be cost effective. Furthermore, since PV is intermittent, it is probable that it will not be able to generate enough electricity to meet consumer demand.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Type: open-access
Publisher: MDPI
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 June 2023
Date of Acceptance: 10 May 2023
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2023 13:33
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/160244

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