Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Social research to understand farmer and agricultural stakeholder attitudes towards bovine tuberculosis vaccination of cattle

Maye, Damian, Chivers, Charlotte‐Anne, Enticott, Gareth ORCID:, Lenormand, Théo and Tomlinson, Sarah 2023. Social research to understand farmer and agricultural stakeholder attitudes towards bovine tuberculosis vaccination of cattle. Veterinary Record 193 (7) , e3166. 10.1002/vetr.3166

[thumbnail of vetr.3166.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (181kB)


Background: This social research study employed a behavioural insights framework, Easy, Attractive, Social, Timely (‘EAST’), to identify cues that may influence farmer and stakeholder attitudes towards the deployment of CattleBCG vaccine. Methods: The EAST framework was employed to develop policy scenarios consisting of several cues likely to affect vaccine uptake. These scenarios consisted of a government‐led approach, an individual farmer‐led approach, and a third approach, also farmer‐led but organised collectively. The government approach was mandatory, while the farmer‐led approaches were both voluntary. The scenarios were tested during farmer participatory workshops (n = 8) and stakeholder interviews (n = 35). Results: Overall, the EAST framework provided a useful approach for gathering behavioural insights around attitudes towards cattle vaccination. We found an overall receptiveness towards the idea of vaccinating cattle against bovine tuberculosis, particularly where clear, transparent messaging around the likely efficacy is mobilised, where clarity around potential implications for trading is provided, and where vaccine doses are provided free of charge and administered by veterinarians and veterinary technicians. In general, these factors were a pre‐requisite to a mandatory (government‐led) national approach, which was the preferred deployment mechanism among farmers and stakeholders. However, these conditions would also likely facilitate a voluntary vaccination programme. Limitations: Trust in those involved in delivering a vaccine programme and trust in the vaccine itself represent a crucial aspect of farmer and stakeholder attitudes towards cattle vaccination; however, this aspect was not covered by the EAST framework. Conclusion: EAST provided a novel framework for examining attitudes towards cattle vaccination with CattleBCG, although we recommend incorporating a ‘trust’ component in future iterations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Geography and Planning (GEOPL)
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0042-4900
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 June 2023
Date of Acceptance: 24 May 2023
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2023 12:51

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics