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Supply restoration of data centers in flexible distribution networks with spatial-temporal regulation

Jian, Jie, Zhao, Jinli, Ji, Haoran, Bai, Linquan, Xu, Jing, Li, Peng, Wu, Jianzhong ORCID: and Wang, Chengshan 2024. Supply restoration of data centers in flexible distribution networks with spatial-temporal regulation. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 15 (1) , pp. 340-354. 10.1109/TSG.2023.3286844

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The reliable operation of Internet data centers (IDCs) is crucial to digitization transformation of society. However, the extreme fault on the IDC-located distribution network is fatal to IDC operation. The evolution of flexible distribution networks (FDNs) can satisfy the deep de-pendence of IDC on high-quality and reliable power supply. In FDNs, AC/DC feeders with multiple voltage levels can be flexibly interconnected and adjusted by flexible stations (FSs). It is promising to flexibly enhance operation per-formance of crucial IDCs after fault isolation in FDNs. In this paper, a coordinated supply restoration method of IDCs in FDNs with spatial-temporal regulation is proposed to minimize IDC data-dropping loss under complex faults. First, a spatial-temporal transfer strategy of IDC work-loads is precisely formulated and an FS-based network reconfiguration strategy is proposed. Then, a mixed-integer second-order conic programming model is established for efficient solving. Spatial-temporal coordination among the source, network, storage, and demand sides can be realized without violating physical feasibility. Finally, the proposed method is validated on the modified IEEE 33-node and modified IEEE 123-node test cases. Case studies show that total outage loss is effectively reduced with sufficient utili-zation of available power. Operational performance of FDN is also enhanced under extreme faults.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN: 1949-3053
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2024 13:16

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