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Identification of two distinct phylogenomic lineages and model strains for the understudied cystic fibrosis lung pathogen Burkholderia multivorans.

Parfitt, Kasia M., Green, Angharad E., Connor, Thomas R. ORCID:, Neill, Daniel R. and Mahenthiralingam, Eshwar ORCID: 2023. Identification of two distinct phylogenomic lineages and model strains for the understudied cystic fibrosis lung pathogen Burkholderia multivorans. Microbiology 169 (8) , 001366. 10.1099/mic.0.001366

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Burkholderia multivorans is the dominant Burkholderia pathogen recovered from lung infection in people with cystic fibrosis. However, as an understudied pathogen there are knowledge gaps in relation to its population biology, phenotypic traits and useful model strains. A phylogenomic study of B. multivorans was undertaken using a total of 283 genomes, of which 73 were sequenced and 49 phenotypically characterized as part of this study. Average nucleotide identity analysis (ANI) and phylogenetic alignment of core genes demonstrated that the B. multivorans population separated into two distinct evolutionary clades, defined as lineage 1 (n=58 genomes) and lineage 2 (n=221 genomes). To examine the population biology of B. multivorans, a representative subgroup of 77 B. multivorans genomes (28 from the reference databases and the 49 novel short-read genome sequences) were selected based on multilocus sequence typing (MLST), isolation source and phylogenetic placement criteria. Comparative genomics was used to identify B. multivorans lineage-specific genes – ghrB_1 in lineage 1 and glnM_2 in lineage 2 – and diagnostic PCRs targeting them were successfully developed. Phenotypic analysis of 49 representative B. multivorans strains showed considerable inter-strain variance, but the majority of the isolates tested were motile and capable of biofilm formation. A striking absence of B. multivorans protease activity in vitro was observed, but no lineage-specific phenotypic differences were demonstrated. Using phylogenomic and phenotypic criteria, three model B. multivorans CF strains were identified, BCC0084 (lineage 1), BCC1272 (lineage 2a) and BCC0033 lineage 2b, and their complete genome sequences determined. B. multivorans CF strains BCC0033 and BCC0084, and the environmental reference strain, ATCC 17616, were all capable of short-term survival within a murine lung infection model. By mapping the population biology, identifying lineage-specific PCRs and model strains, we provide much needed baseline resources for future studies of B. multivorans.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Microbiology Society
ISSN: 1350-0872
Funders: MRC, Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 July 2023
Date of Acceptance: 11 July 2023
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2024 03:38

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