Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Identifying barriers and facilitators to the inclusion of older adults living in UK care homes in research: a scoping review

Nocivelli, Brittany, Shepherd, Victoria ORCID:, Hood, Kerenza ORCID:, Wallace, Carolyn and Wood, Fiona ORCID: 2023. Identifying barriers and facilitators to the inclusion of older adults living in UK care homes in research: a scoping review. BMC Geriatrics 23 (1) , 446. 10.1186/s12877-023-04126-3

[thumbnail of 12877_2023_Article_4126.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (3MB)


Background: With an ageing population, older adults will have more complex health and social care needs and many of these older adults will be living in care homes. Despite the growth in care home populations, care home residents are often excluded from research that could potentially benefit their care. The purpose of this scoping review is to explore resident-related barriers and facilitators to including older people living in UK care homes in research and to identify potential approaches to modify such barriers. Method: The 6-stage scoping review methodology framework proposed by Arksey and O’Malley guided this review. Five electronic databases (MedLine, PsychINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL) and grey literature were searched. Identified articles went through two levels of screening, and those deemed relevant were collated, summarised and reported using a thematic analysis approach. Results: 90 reports were eligible for inclusion and were synthesised into 7 themes and related subthemes: (1) research design; (2) understanding and beliefs about research (resident and care home staff); (3) communication; (4) relationships; (5) eligibility criteria (resident and care home); (6) preference-based decisions; and (7) care home staff and environment. Given the complex interplay of the factors identified, both direct and indirect factors were included. Conclusions: A number of recurring barriers and facilitators to the inclusion of care home residents in research are reported. However, isolating resident-related barriers was complex as both direct and indirect factors must be considered as influential. Understanding the barriers and facilitators to inclusion will enable these factors to be addressed and increase the evidence-base for care provided to older people living in care homes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:, Type: open-access
Publisher: BioMed Central
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 July 2023
Date of Acceptance: 22 June 2023
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2023 18:19

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics