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Three-dimensional yaw wake model development with validations from wind tunnel experiments

He, Ruiyang, Deng, Xiaowei, Li, Yichun, Dong, Zhikun, Gao, Xiaoxia, Lu, Lin, Zhou, Yue ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6698-4714, Wu, Jianzhong ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7928-3602 and Yang, Hongxing 2023. Three-dimensional yaw wake model development with validations from wind tunnel experiments. Energy 282 , 128402. 10.1016/j.energy.2023.128402

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Abstract

The presence of wake flows caused by wind turbines (WTs) diminish the expected power generation of wind energy and exacerbate structural vibrations. To mitigate these issues, yaw control has emerged as a promising technique for intentionally deflecting the wake away from downstream WTs. Consequently, accurate prediction of the yawed wake is of paramount importance for effective implementation of yaw control strategies. This study presents an innovative and comprehensive approach to modeling yaw wake behavior by introducing an advanced three-dimensional yaw wake model. This model incorporates anisotropic and general expressions of the wake expansion rate, allowing for a more accurate and physically meaningful representation of wake evolution. More importantly, the easily-available parameters in the function guarantee the generalization capability of the proposed model. Subsequently, a wake deflection mode is developed and integrated into the yaw wake model through the inclusion of a deflection term. To validate the proposed models, two sources of data are utilized. Firstly, well-known public measurements are used to verify the accuracy and reliability of the model predictions. Secondly, wind tunnel experiments are conducted by the authors, employing a particle image velocimetry (PIV) system to capture detailed flow field information. This combination of validation sources ensures a comprehensive assessment of the proposed models. The physical description and error analysis conducted in this study reveals that the proposed model outperforms other models in terms of predicting wake distribution and the trajectory of the deflected wake centreline. In particular, the comparative analysis confirms its superior performance in the main angle and downstream region that are of particular interest for active yaw control. The accurate and cost-efficient nature of the proposed analytical yaw wake model holds great potential for optimizing yaw control strategies in wind farms. This study is expected to contribute to the field by offering a reliable and practical tool for understanding and managing the effects of yaw operation on wake behavior.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0360-5442
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 August 2023
Date of Acceptance: 10 July 2023
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2024 16:38
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/161405

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