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Polycrystalline diamond micro‐hotplates

Thomas, Evan L. H., Stritt, Jaspa, Mandal, Soumen ORCID:, Imboden, Matthias and Williams, Oliver A. ORCID: 2023. Polycrystalline diamond micro‐hotplates. Small 19 (48) , 2303976. 10.1002/smll.202303976

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Micro‐hotplate structures are increasingly being investigated for use in a host of applications ranging from broadband infra‐red sources within absorption‐based gas sensors to in situ heater stages for ultra‐high‐resolution imaging. With devices usually fabricated from a conductive electrode placed on top of a freestanding radiator element, coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatches between layers and electro‐migration within the heating element typically lead to failure upon exceeding temperatures of 1600 K. In an attempt to mitigate such issues, a series of hotplates of varying geometry have been fabricated from a single layer of mechanically robust, high thermal conductivity, and low CTE boron‐doped polycrystalline diamond. Upon testing under high vacuum conditions and characterization of the emission spectra, the resulting devices are shown to exhibit a grey‐body like emission response and reach temperatures vastly in excess of conventional geometries of up to 2731 K at applied powers of ⩽100 mW. Characterization of the thermalization time meanwhile demonstrates rapid millisecond response times, while Raman spectroscopy reveals the performance of the devices is dictated by cumulative graphitization at elevated temperatures. As such, both diamond and sp2 carbon are shown to be promising materials for the fabrication of next‐generation micro‐hotplates.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1613-6810
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 August 2023
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2024 02:38

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