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The role of individual differences in emotion regulation efficacy

Vaughan-Johnston, Thomas I., Jackowich, Robyn A. ORCID:, Hudson, Chloe C., France, Kalee De, Hollenstein, Tom and Jacobson, Jill A. 2020. The role of individual differences in emotion regulation efficacy. Journal of Research in Personality 84 , 103904. 10.1016/j.jrp.2019.103904

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Emotion regulation (ER) helps to maintain mental health and achieve optimal functioning. Whether people benefit from various ER strategies may depend on individual difference variables. A sample of undergraduates (N = 378, Mage = 18.6) underwent a negative emotion induction and then were assigned to learn about and perform an ER strategy (cognitive reappraisal, acceptance, or distraction). We tested whether individual differences (cognitive restructuring skills, need for cognition, mindfulness, and experiential avoidance) moderated the efficacy of ER (i.e., decreased negative emotion from before to after applying the strategy). Experientially avoidant individuals had less efficacy in applying the acceptance strategy, compared to the cognitive reappraisal and distraction strategies. Motivation and perceived ability to use each strategy were examined as mediators.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0092-6566
Date of Acceptance: 19 November 2019
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2023 12:03

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