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Quality of life at a 10-year follow-up of children born preterm with post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation : A cohort study

Rela, Ayeesha, Jary, Sally, Williams, Cathy, Blair, Peter, Hollinworth, William, Pople, Ian, Whitelaw, Andrew, Luyt, Karen and Odd, David Edward ORCID: 2023. Quality of life at a 10-year follow-up of children born preterm with post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation : A cohort study. Neonatology 120 (6) , pp. 690-698. 10.1159/000533355

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Background: Post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) is commonly seen in extremely preterm babies, carries significant morbidity, and may cause neonatal mortality. There is a lack of literature on the subsequent health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in childhood. The aim of this work was to assess the quality of life of preterm babies after PHVD at 10 years of age using two validated questionnaires. Methods: Children with PHVD were assessed as part of the 10-year follow-up of the drainage, irrigation, and fibrinolytic therapy trial. The HRQoL outcome was measured using parent-reported EQ-5D-5L and HUI-3 questionnaires. Both questionnaires produce a summary score anchored at 1 (best health) and 0 (equivalent to death). Results: Median scores at follow-up were 0.65 (IQR 0.36–0.84; n = 44) for the EQ-5D-5L and 0.52 (IQR 0.22–0.87; n = 51) for the HUI-3. Similar proportions had a score below 0.2 (HRQoL [20%], HUI-3 [21%]), while 20% had a HRQoL score above 0.80 compared to 34% using HUI-3. The most severe problems from the EQ-5D-5L were reported in the self-care, mobility, and activity domains, while the HUI-3 reported worse problems in ambulation, cognition, and dexterity domains. Infants with worse (grade 4) intraventricular haemorrhage had poorer HRQoL than those with grade 3 bleeds. Conclusion: Children who survive to 10 years of age after PHVD have on average lower HRQoL than their peers. However, the reported range is wide, with a quarter of the children having scores above 0.87 (similar to population norms), while a fifth have very low HRQol scores. Impact was not uniform across domains, with mobility/ambulation a concern across both measures.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Wales Governance Centre (WGCES)
Publisher: Karger
ISSN: 1661-7800
Funders: James and Grace Anderson Trust, Cerebra, National Institute of Health Research Techonology Assessment Programme, Natinal Institute for Health Research (NIHR)
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 August 2023
Date of Acceptance: 22 July 2023
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2024 02:25

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