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Young adult ADHD symptoms in the general population and neurocognitive impairment

Agha, Sharifah Shameem, Riglin, Lucy, Carbury, Rhian, Blakey, Rachel, Shakeshaft, Amy ORCID:, Thapar, Ajay ORCID:, Tilling, Kate, Collishaw, Stephan ORCID:, Stergiakouli, Evie, Thapar, Anita ORCID: and Langley, Kate ORCID: 2024. Young adult ADHD symptoms in the general population and neurocognitive impairment. Journal of Attention Disorders 28 (1) , pp. 89-98. 10.1177/10870547231201870

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Objective:Neurocognitive impairments are associated with child and adult ADHD in clinical settings. However, it is unknown whether adult ADHD symptoms in the general population are associated with the same pattern of cognitive impairment. We examined this using a prospective, population-based cohort spanning birth to age 25 years. Methods:We examined associations between self-reported adult ADHD symptoms and cognitive task performance (attention and response inhibition) in adulthood and childhood. Results:Self-rated ADHD symptoms at age 25 were associated with poorer performance in age 25 cognitive tasks capturing ADHD-related functioning (attention B = −0.03, 95% CI [0.05, −0.01], p = .005; response inhibition B = −0.03, 95% CI [−0.05, −0.01], p = .002). Conclusions:Neurocognitive impairments linked to adult ADHD symptoms in the general population, are similar to those found in people with childhood ADHD symptoms and are consistent with findings in adult ADHD clinical samples. Keywords

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 1087-0547
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 31 August 2023
Date of Acceptance: 20 August 2023
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2023 14:32

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