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Sensitivity of standardised radiomics algorithms to mask generation across different software platforms

Whybra, Philip and Spezi, Emiliano ORCID: 2023. Sensitivity of standardised radiomics algorithms to mask generation across different software platforms. Scientific Reports 13 , 14419. 10.1038/s41598-023-41475-w

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The field of radiomics continues to converge on a standardised approach to image processing and feature extraction. Conventional radiomics requires a segmentation. Certain features can be sensitive to small contour variations. The industry standard for medical image communication stores contours as coordinate points that must be converted to a binary mask before image processing can take place. This study investigates the impact that the process of converting contours to mask can have on radiomic features calculation. To this end we used a popular open dataset for radiomics standardisation and we compared the impact of masks generated by importing the dataset into 4 medical imaging software. We interfaced our previously standardised radiomics platform with these software using their published application programming interface to access image volume, masks and other data needed to calculate features. Additionally, we used super-sampling strategies to systematically evaluate the impact of contour data pre processing methods on radiomic features calculation. Finally, we evaluated the effect that using different mask generation approaches could have on patient clustering in a multi-center radiomics study. The study shows that even when working on the same dataset, mask and feature discrepancy occurs depending on the contour to mask conversion technique implemented in various medical imaging software. We show that this also affects patient clustering and potentially radiomic-based modelling in multi-centre studies where a mix of mask generation software is used. We provide recommendations to negate this issue and facilitate reproducible and reliable radiomics.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Nature Research
ISSN: 2045-2322
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 September 2023
Date of Acceptance: 27 August 2023
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2023 08:13

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