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Psychometric Properties and Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards ChatGPT in Pharmacy Practice and Education: a Study Protocol

Mohammed, Mustapha, Kumar, Narendar, Zawiah, Mohammed, Al-Ashwal, Fahmi Y., Bala, Auwal Adam, Lawal, Basira Kankia, Wada, Abubakar Sadiq, Halboup, Abdulsalam, Muhammad, Surajuddeen, Ahmad, Rabbiya and Sha'aban, Abubakar ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5491-9851 2023. Psychometric Properties and Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards ChatGPT in Pharmacy Practice and Education: a Study Protocol. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities 10.1007/s40615-023-01696-1

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Abstract

ChatGPT represents an advanced conversational artificial intelligence (AI), providing a powerful tool for generating human-like responses that could change pharmacy prospects. This protocol aims to describe the development, validation, and utilization of a tool to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards ChatGPT (KAP-C) in pharmacy practice and education. The development and validation process of the KAP-C tool will include a comprehensive literature search to identify relevant constructs, content validation by a panel of experts for items relevancy using content validity index (CVI) and face validation by sample participants for items clarity using face validity index (FVI), readability and difficulty index using the Flesch-Kincaid Readability Test, Gunning Fog Index, or Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG), assessment of reliability using internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha), and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to determine the underlying factor structures (eigenvalues, scree plot analysis, factor loadings, and varimax). The second phase will utilize the validated KAP-C tool to conduct KAP surveys among pharmacists and pharmacy students in selected low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (Nigeria, Pakistan, and Yemen). The final data will be analyzed descriptively using frequencies, percentages, mean (standard deviation) or median (interquartile range), and inferential statistics like Chi-square or regression analyses using IBM SPSS version 28. A p<0.05 will be considered statistically significant. ChatGPT holds the potential to revolutionize pharmacy practice and education. This study will highlight the psychometric properties of the KAP-C tool that assesses the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards ChatGPT in pharmacy practice and education. The findings will contribute to the potential ethical integration of ChatGPT into pharmacy practice and education in LMICs, serve as a reference to other economies, and provide valuable evidence for leveraging AI advancements in pharmacy.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 2197-3792
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 September 2023
Date of Acceptance: 21 June 2023
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2024 17:13
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/162359

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